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Magnolia officinalis - Rehder.&E.H.Wilson.
                 
Common Name Hou Po
Family Magnoliaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Alpine and hilly areas[147]. Forests at elevations of 300 - 1500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - W. China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Magnolia officinalis Hou Po


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Crusier
Magnolia officinalis Hou Po
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Magnolia officinalis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 12 m (39ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Beetles.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Aphrodisiac;  Appetizer;  Digestive;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  
Expectorant;  Ophthalmic;  Stomachic;  Tonic.

Hou Po has been used in Chinese herbal medicine for at least 2,000 years. The aromatic, pungent and warming bark is used in the treatment of various disorders of the digestive system[254]. Ophthalmic[46, 61, 109, 174]. The flowers are an aromatic digestive tonic[238]. A decoction of the flower buds is an esteemed emmenagogue in China, their use is therefore contraindicated for pregnant women[218]. The flowers are used in the treatment of abdominal distension, shortness of breath etc[176, 238]. They are harvested in the summer and can be used fresh or dried[238]. The stem bark is antiseptic, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, appetizer, diuretic, expectorant, hypotensive, stomachic and tonic[46, 61, 109, 147, 174, 176, 218]. The bark is used internally in the treatment of abdominal distension, loss of appetite, gastro-enteritis, vomiting, diarrhoea, asthma and coughs with acute phlegm[147, 174, 176, 218, 238]. The bark is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238]. It does not store well so stocks should be renewed annually[238]. The plant is digestive and stomachic[218]. Extracts of the plant contain bactericidal compounds and an essential oil, they are effective against salmonella[218].
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - fine grained. It is said to be a useful wood.
Cultivation details
Best grown in a warm position in a moderately rich free soil of an open texture[1]. The branches are brittle so a sheltered position is required[200]. Very tolerant of atmospheric pollution[200]. Hardy to about -10°c[200]. The fleshy roots are easily damaged and any transplanting is best done during a spell of mild moist weather in late spring[182].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed must be kept cold over the winter and should be sown in late winter in a cold frame[200]. The seed usually germinates in the spring but it can take 18 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall, though should be well mulched and given some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Layering in early spring[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
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Magnolia campbellii 00
Magnolia denudataLily Tree, Yulan Magnolia12
Magnolia dodecapetalaBwapen mawon00
Magnolia grandifloraSouthern Magnolia, Bull Bay, Large-flowered Magnolia, Southern Magnolia22
Magnolia hypoleucaWhitebark Magnolia22
Magnolia kobusKobus magnolia, Northern Japanese Magnolia11
Magnolia liliifloraMu-Lan, Woody Orchid, Lily Magnolia03
Magnolia macrophyllaBigleaf Magnolia01
Magnolia stellataStar Magnolia10
Magnolia virginianaLaurel Magnolia, Sweetbay13
Michelia figoBanana Shrub, Michelia10
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Expert comment
 
Author
Rehder.&E.H.Wilson.
Botanical References
11200266
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Robert Whitman Sun Oct 20 00:40:18 2002
I have planted this tree in Kansas City (Zone 5) and has survived 2 winters, one was a brutal one. It is my most beautiful tree. It is 10' tall and growing very well. Time will tell if it is 100% hardy for me, but no damage so far!
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Subject : Magnolia officinalis  

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