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Magnolia acuminata - L.                
                 
Common Name Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia
Family Magnoliaceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich woods, especially in uplands[43]. Low mountain slopes and the rocky banks of streams[82].
Range Eastern N. America - New York to Georgia, west to Alabama and Ontario.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Pyramidal, Upright or erect.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Magnolia acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Beetles.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Bruce_Marlin
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Thesupermat
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses                                         
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiperiodic;  Aromatic;  Diaphoretic;  Laxative;  Stimulant;  Tonic.

A tea made from the bark is antiperiodic, aromatic, mildly diaphoretic, laxative, stimulant, tonic[4, 222]. It has historically been used as a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria[222]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of stomach ache and cramps[257]. The bark has been chewed by people trying to break the tobacco habit[222]. A hot infusion of the bark has been snuffed to treat sinus problems and has also been held in the mouth to treat toothaches[257]. The bark is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[238]. It does not store well so stocks should be renewed annually[238]. A tea made from the fruit is a tonic, used in the treatment of general debility and was formerly esteemed in the treatment of stomach ailments[222].
Other Uses
Rootstock;  Wood.

The roots are very disease-resistant and are used as a rootstock for less vigorous species[226]. Wood - finely grained, soft, light, durable, not strong[4, 46, 61, 82, 171, 229, 235]. It weighs 29lb per cubic foot[235]. It takes a very good polish and is used for boxes, crates, flooring, cabinet making etc[4, 46, 61, 171, 229].
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Border, Firewood, Pest tolerant, Aggressive surface roots possible, Specimen. Best grown in a warm position in a moderately rich free soil of an open texture[1]. Tolerates limey soils[200] so long as they are deep and rich in humus[188]. The branches are brittle and so a sheltered position is required[200]. Very tolerant of atmospheric pollution[200]. Plants are hardy to about -28°c[200]. A fairly fast-growing tree, it takes about 25 - 30 years before it first produces flowers and lives about 125 - 150 years in the wild[229]. The sub-species M. acuminata cordata begins flowering at an earlier age[245]. Good seed crops are produced about every 3 - 5 years[229]. The flowers have a delicate perfume[245]. The fleshy roots are easily damaged and any transplanting is best done during a spell of mild moist weather in late spring[182]. Special Features: North American native, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed must be kept cold over the winter and should be sown in late winter in a cold frame[200]. The seed usually germinates in the spring but it can take 18 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall, though should be well mulched and given some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Layering in early spring[200].
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Liriodendron tulipiferaTulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Canary Whitewood12
Magnolia campbellii 00
Magnolia denudataLily Tree, Yulan Magnolia12
Magnolia grandifloraSouthern Magnolia, Bull Bay, Large-flowered Magnolia, Southern Magnolia22
Magnolia hypoleucaWhitebark Magnolia22
Magnolia kobusKobus magnolia, Northern Japanese Magnolia11
Magnolia liliifloraMu-Lan, Woody Orchid, Lily Magnolia03
Magnolia macrophyllaBigleaf Magnolia01
Magnolia officinalisHou Po03
Magnolia stellataStar Magnolia10
Magnolia virginianaLaurel Magnolia, Sweetbay13
Michelia figoBanana Shrub, Michelia10
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
1143200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
doris harris Fri Nov 30 2007
where can i buy the bark for tea for my own use.( kidney stones)
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Subject : Magnolia acuminata  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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