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Lomatium macrocarpum - (Nutt.)Coult.&Rose.
                 
Common Name Bigseed Biscuitroot
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open rocky hills and plains, not extending much into the mountains[60].
Range Western N. America - British Columbia to California.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Lomatium macrocarpum Bigseed Biscuitroot


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
Lomatium macrocarpum Bigseed Biscuitroot
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wsiegmund
   
Physical Characteristics
 
Lomatium macrocarpum is a PERENNIAL. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Root - raw or cooked[257]. A staple food for a number of native North American Indian tribes[257]. The root is usually peeled before being cooked or eaten[257]. It can be dried and ground into a powder and then used to make cakes etc[105, 161, 183]. Seed - raw or cooked. Very nutritious, they can also be ground into a powder[183] and then used with cereal flours when making bread, cakes etc, or be used as a flavouring in soups etc[257]. The seed is very small, but quite easy to harvest[183, K]. A tea can be made from the leaves, stems and flowers[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Infertility;  Pectoral;  Poultice;  Sedative;  Tonic.

An infusion of the roots has been used as a general strengthener for a weakened patient[257]. The infusion is also used as a treatment for colds, influenza and bronchitis[257]. The root has been chewed and the juice swallowed as a treatment for sore throats[257]. The root has been eaten by childless couples, especially older people, in order to help them conceive[257]. A poultice made from the boiled root has been used to treat swellings[257]. The leaves have been used as a padding in a child's cradle to encourage it to sleep more[257].
Other Uses
Incense.

The root has been dried then burnt as a ceremonial incense[257].
Cultivation details
We have almost no information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in much of the country. It can be assumed that plants will require a dry to moist but well-drained soil in a sunny position. Polymorphic[60]. This is a taxonomically very difficult genus, many of the species now included in it have at times been included in other genera[60].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed can be rather slow to germinate, when sown in the spring it usually takes at least 12 months to germinate. Giving it a period of cold stratification might reduce this time. The seedlings need to be pricked out into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, and should be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer. Fresh seed can be sown immediately in situ. Division may be possible in spring or autumn.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lomatium ambiguumBiscuitroot, Wyeth biscuitroot41
Lomatium canbyiBiscuitroot, Canby's biscuitroot40
Lomatium cousBiscuitroot, Cous biscuitroot40
Lomatium dissectumFernleaf Biscuitroot, Carrotleaf biscuitroot42
Lomatium eurycarpum 20
Lomatium farinosumNorthern Biscuitroot, Hamblen's biscuitroot30
Lomatium foeniculaceumDesert Biscuitroot, Inyo biscuitroot, Macdougal's biscuitroot30
Lomatium gayeriBiscuitroot40
Lomatium gormaniiGorman's biscuitroot30
Lomatium grayiBiscuitroot, Gray's biscuitroot40
Lomatium nudicaulePestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitroot42
Lomatium triternatumNineleaf Biscuitroot, Broadnineleaf biscuitroot31
Lomatium utriculatumCommon Lomatium31
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Author
(Nutt.)Coult.&Rose.
Botanical References
60
Links / References
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Subject : Lomatium macrocarpum  

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