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Lithospermum officinale - L.
                 
Common Name Gromwell, European stoneseed
Family Boraginaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hedges, bushy places and woodland borders, usually on basic soil[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, except the extreme southwest and north, east to Iran and the Caucasus.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Lithospermum officinale Gromwell, European stoneseed


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28
Lithospermum officinale Gromwell, European stoneseed
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Lithospermum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Tea.

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[46, 61, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Contraceptive;  Depurative;  Diuretic;  Lithontripic;  Oxytoxic;  Sedative.

The mature seeds are diuretic, lithontripic and oxytocic[9, 240]. They are ground into a powder and used in the treatment of bladder stones, arthritis and febrile conditions[9]. An infusion of the leaves is used as a sedative[240]. The root is depurative[240]. A syrup made from a decoction of the root and stems is used in the treatment of eruptive diseases such as smallpox, measles and itch[240]. All parts of the plant contain a substance that inhibits the secretion of the pituitary gonadotrophic hormone[240]. Extracts of the herb possess contraceptive properties[240].
Other Uses
Dye.

A purple dye is obtained from the roots. It is best harvested in the spring[178].
Cultivation details
Prefers a moderately fertile well-drained soil[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings. Division.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lithospermum canescensPaint Indian, Hoary puccoon11
Lithospermum carolinienseHairy Puccoon, Carolina puccoon01
Lithospermum erythrorhizonLithospermum03
Lithospermum incisumNarrow-Leaf Gromwell, Narrowleaf stoneseed12
Lithospermum multiflorumManyflowered Gromwell, Manyflowered stoneseed11
Lithospermum ruderaleWestern Gromwell, Western Stoneseed12
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Botanical References
17200
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Subject : Lithospermum officinale  

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