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Lilium lancifolium - Thunb.                
                 
Common Name Tiger Lily, Devil Lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards The pollen is said to be poisonous, producing vomiting, drowsiness and purging[4].
Habitats Long cultivated and not known in a truly wild situation, though it can naturalise in woodlands[279].. Possibly of hybrid origin involving L. leichtlinii and L. maculatum[90].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Orange. Main Bloom Time: Early fall, Late summer. Form: Upright or erect.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of bulb
Lilium lancifolium is a BULB growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from Aug to September, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
L. tigrinum.
Lilium lancifolium Tiger Lily, Devil Lily


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Llez
Lilium lancifolium Tiger Lily, Devil Lily
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Llez
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[2, 4, 42, 47]. Somewhat bitterish[105]. Fairly pleasant, when properly cooked they are highly esteemed as a vegetable and somewhat resemble parsnips in flavour[183]. The bulbs are up to 8cm in diameter[266]. They are a good source of starch[105, 183]. The bulb can be dried and ground into powder. Flowers - raw or cooked. Used fresh or dried in salads, soups, rice dishes etc[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiinflammatory;  Cardiac;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Ophthalmic;  Women's complaints.

The bulb is antiinflammatory, diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant[240, 279]. They are used to relieve heart diseases, pain in the cardiac region and angina pectoris[240]. They are used in Korea to treat coughs, sore throats, palpitations and boils[279]. The flowers are carminative[240]. They are used to strengthen the eye-lid muscles and are commended in the treatment of myopic astigmatism[240]. A tincture made from the flowering plant, harvested when in full flower, is used in the treatment of uterine neuralgia, congestion, irritation and the nausea of pregnancy[4]. It relieves the bearing-down pain accompanying uterine prolapse and is an important remedy in ovarian neuralgia[4].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing, Seashore. Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[200]. Prefers a lime-free soil according to some reports[28, 47, 143], whilst one says that it succeeds in a calcareous soil[1] and another that it succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1, 42]. Prefers a deep acid loam[47]. Likes a sunny position according to one report[143] whilst others say that it is best grown in open woodland or amongst dwarf evergreen shrubs[1]. Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 15 - 20cm deep[143]. Early to mid autumn is the best time to plant out the bulbs in cool temperate areas, in warmer areas they can be planted out as late as late autumn[200]. Plants grow well in northern gardens in Britain[90]. A sterile triploid species, probably of hybrid origin[90]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is cultivated for its edible bulb in Japan[2, 42, 163]. This species tolerates virus infections, but it can transmit them to other species in this genus and so is best grown away from any of the other species[47]. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[200].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - this species is completely sterile and does not produce seed. Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[200]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[200]. Bulbils - gather in late summer when they start to fall off the stems and pot up immediately. Grow on in a greenhouse until large enough to go outside[200]. Plants can flower in three years from bulbils[4].
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lilium amabile 20
Lilium auratumGolden-Rayed Lily30
Lilium browniiHong Kong Lily32
Lilium bulbiferumFire Lily, Orange lily30
Lilium callosum 20
Lilium canadenseMeadow Lily, Canada lily31
Lilium canadense editorumMeadow Lily30
Lilium canadense flavumMeadow Lily30
Lilium candidumMadonna Lily32
Lilium cernuum 20
Lilium columbianumColumbia Tiger Lily, Columbia lily, Oregon Lily, Tiger Lily30
Lilium concolorMorning Star Lily22
Lilium dauricum 20
Lilium davidii 20
Lilium distichum 20
Lilium formosanumFormosa lily20
Lilium formosanum pricei 20
Lilium hansonii 20
Lilium henryiHenry's lily20
Lilium japonicumBamboo Lily22
Lilium japonicum platyfoliumBamboo Lily22
Lilium kelleyanumKelley's Lily20
Lilium leichtlinii 20
Lilium leichtlinii maximowiczii 20
Lilium longiflorumWhite Trumpet Lily, Easter lily, Trumpet Lily32
Lilium maculatum 20
Lilium martagonTurk's Cap Lily, Martagon lily21
Lilium medeoloides 20
Lilium monanthum 20
12
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
Thunb.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
200266
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Lilium lancifolium  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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