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Lilium candidum - L.
                 
Common Name Madonna Lily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rocky slopes and in scrub to 600 metres[50, 90].
Range S.W. Asia. Naturalized in Europe around the Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Lilium candidum Madonna Lily


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lilium_candidum.jpg
Lilium candidum Madonna Lily
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of bulb
Lilium candidum is a BULB growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 7-Oct It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked. The raw bulb contains an acrid principle, but this is destroyed by drying or thorough heating[4]. When cooked the bulb is pulpy, sweet and sugary[4]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum).
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Demulcent;  Emmenagogue;  Emollient;  Expectorant.

The Madonna lily has a long history of herbal use, though it is seldom employed in modern herbalism because of its scarcity[238]. The bulb and the flowers are astringent, highly demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant[4, 7, 238]. The plant is mainly used externally, being applied as a poultice to tumours, ulcers, external inflammations etc[4, 238]. The bulb is harvested in August and can be used fresh or dried[4, 238]. The flowers are harvested when fully open and used fresh for making juice, ointments or tinctures[238]. The pollen has been used in the treatment of epilepsy[240].
Other Uses
Essential.

An essential oil from the flowers is used in perfumery[4, 61].
Cultivation details
Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich fertile loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[90, 200]. Prefers a sunny position[143] but also succeeds in shade[163]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[1]. Grows well in acid[42] and limy soils[4, 42, 47, 90], though it prefers a limey soil[200]. A very ornamental plant[1, 7]. It is seen as a symbol of purity and in Christian tradition is devoted to the Virgin Mary, in pre-Christian times it was sacred to Juno, the Goddess of heaven[238]. The flowers have a scent of heather honey[245]. The Madonna lily is generally very hardy and easy to grow[143] but it is unpredictable and does not grow or flower well in all gardens[90, 238]. It is also susceptible to botrytis[143]. Only just cover the bulb with soil[47, 200]. It is best to leave the clumps undisturbed since they resent being moved[143, 238], but if you need to transplant then this is best done in late August to early September, certainly no later than mid-October[143]. Plants produce a basal rosette of over-wintering leaves in the autumn[200], these die off as the plant comes into flower[188]. The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[200].
Propagation
Seed - immediate epigeal germination[130]. Sow thinly in pots from late winter to early spring in a cold frame. Should germinate in 2 - 4 weeks[163]. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people prefer to leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K]. Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[200]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[200]. Bulblets are formed on the stem just below the soil surface. These should be dug up in the autumn and replanted immediately, preferably in a cold frame for growing on until large enough to plant out into the garden[143, 163]. The formation of bulbils on the stem can be induced by either removing the stem at flowering time and layering it just below the soil surface, or by removing all the flowers before they open.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lilium amabile 20
Lilium auratumGolden-Rayed Lily30
Lilium browniiHong Kong Lily32
Lilium bulbiferumFire Lily, Orange lily30
Lilium callosum 20
Lilium canadenseMeadow Lily, Canada lily31
Lilium canadense editorumMeadow Lily30
Lilium canadense flavumMeadow Lily30
Lilium cernuum 20
Lilium columbianumColumbia Tiger Lily, Columbia lily, Oregon Lily, Tiger Lily30
Lilium concolorMorning Star Lily22
Lilium dauricum 20
Lilium davidii 20
Lilium distichum 20
Lilium formosanumFormosa lily20
Lilium formosanum pricei 20
Lilium hansonii 20
Lilium henryiHenry's lily20
Lilium japonicumBamboo Lily22
Lilium japonicum platyfoliumBamboo Lily22
Lilium kelleyanumKelley's Lily20
Lilium lancifoliumTiger Lily, Devil Lily42
Lilium leichtlinii 20
Lilium leichtlinii maximowiczii 20
Lilium longiflorumWhite Trumpet Lily, Easter lily, Trumpet Lily32
Lilium maculatum 20
Lilium martagonTurk's Cap Lily, Martagon lily21
Lilium medeoloides 20
Lilium monanthum 20
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Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Dr. Yoram Gorski - Mediflor Ltd Mon Jun 29 2009
Dear Sir / Madam We are looking to purchase WHITE LILY ( LILY MADONNA ) Essential Oil or Absolute . Oil / Absolute / Aromatic Water We will be most grateful to any one who may tell us where we can buy those products . Thanking you for your kind attention Best Whishes Dr. Yoram Gorski Mediflor Ltd noy16@zahav.net.il
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Subject : Lilium candidum  

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