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Ligustrum vulgare - L.
                 
Common Name Privet, European privet , Common Privet
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 4-7
Known Hazards Poisonous[10], though the toxicity is of a very low order and normally the consumption of the fruit leads to vomiting or no symptoms at all[65].
Habitats Open woodland, hedges and scrub, often by the sea and usually on calcareous soils[10, 17, 50].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain, to N. Africa.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early spring, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer, Mid spring. Form: Vase.

Ligustrum vulgare Privet, European privet , Common Privet


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ligustrum_vulgare_Sturm1.jpg
Ligustrum vulgare Privet, European privet , Common Privet
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benutzer:Mussklprozz
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Ligustrum vulgare is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Bitter;  Detergent;  Vulnerary.

The leaves are astringent, bitter, detergent, vulnerary[7, 21]. Internal use of this plant should be avoided since it can produce allergic symptoms[7]. Externally it is a safe and effective treatment[7]. The bark has been used as a stomachic[7], though this is not really recommended.
Other Uses
Basketry;  Charcoal;  Dye;  Ink;  Wood.

A yellow dye is obtained from the leaves[6], from the bark according to other reports[46, 61]. A bluish-green dye is obtained from the berries[6, 46, 61], it is more permanent than most greens[115]. A black dye can also be obtained from the fruit[61] as well as an ink[46, 61]. Wood - hard, close-grained. It is valuable for turning if it reaches sufficient size[115] and can also be used to make small tools[46, 61]. The wood is a source of charcoal[46, 61]. The young twigs are used in basketry and hurdle making[46, 61, 100].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Hedge, Screen, Superior hedge. A very tolerant and easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil that is not very impoverished[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a calcareous soil and succeeds in thin dry soils[186]. Grows well in light woodland or the full shade of a wall but flowers and fruits best in a sunny position[186]. Tolerant of atmospheric pollution, once established they also tolerate drought but are intolerant of water-logging[186]. A suckering shrub, forming dense thickets and making good bird cover[186]. An important food plant for many caterpillars, including the larvae of the privet hawk moth[186]. This species is notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Sow the seed in spring in a cold frame. Stored seed germinates better if it is stratified,[113]. Remove any fruit flesh from around the seed before it is sown since this can inhibit germination[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed can also be sown in outdoor seed beds in the autumn. You can leave the plants to grow on in the seedbed for up to 4 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Very easy[78]. Cuttings of mature wood, 20 - 30cm in a sheltered outdoor bed in November/December[78]. The cuttings can also be placed in situ if required. High percentage[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ligustrum delavayanum 00
Ligustrum indicum 10
Ligustrum japonicumJapanese Privet, Japanese Ligustrum, Waxleaf Ligustrum, Texas Privet, Waxleaf Privet11
Ligustrum lucidumChinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum13
Ligustrum obtusifoliumBorder privet20
Ligustrum ovalifoliumPrivet, California privet00
Ligustrum sinenseChinese Privet01
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1117200
Links / References
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Readers comment
 
o. N.
Apr 11 2016 12:00AM
This species of Ligustrum is deciduous where I live, that is to say the Appennines of northern Italy. Minimum winter temperatures are usually just a few °C below zero.
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Subject : Ligustrum vulgare  

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