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Lavandula latifolia - Medik.
                 
Common Name Spike Lavender, Broadleaved lavender
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Arid hillsides, especially on limestone[184].
Range Europe - W. Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Lavandula latifolia Spike Lavender, Broadleaved lavender


Lavandula latifolia Spike Lavender, Broadleaved lavender
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Lavandula latifolia is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, lepidoptera.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
L. spica. L. pro parte. L. spica. DC. and many other authors. L. spica latifolia.
Habitats
 Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Leaves - raw[2, 15]. Used as a condiment in salads[177]. Very aromatic[7], they cannot be eaten in quantity[K]. An essential oil from the flowers is used as a food flavouring[183].
Medicinal Uses


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Abortifacient;  Antibacterial;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Aromatherapy;  Carminative;  Emmenagogue.

Spike lavender has similar medicinal properties to common lavender (L. angustifolia). It yields more essential oil than that species but is of inferior quality[254]. The flowering stems, and the essential oil obtained from them, is abortifacient, antibacterial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative and emmenagogue[46, 61, 254]. They can be used in all the ways that common lavender is used, externally to treat wounds, burns, insect stings etc and internally to treat digestive disorders[254]. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Immune system'[210].
Other Uses
Essential;  Incense;  Pot-pourri;  Repellent.

An essential oil is obtained from the flowers - used in soap making, perfumery, food flavouring, veterinary medicines, porcelain painting etc[46, 61]. This species yields up to three times the quantity of essential oil than is obtained from L. angustifolia, but the quality is inferior to that species[4, 11, 171]. When growing the plant for its essential oil content, it is best to harvest the flowering stems as soon as the flowers have faded[245]. The aromatic leaves and flowers are used as an insect repellent in the linen cupboard etc[46, 61]. They are also used in pot-pourri[245] and are said to repel mice[20]. The flowering stems, once the flowers have been removed for use in pot-pourri etc, can be tied in small bundles and burnt as incense sticks[245].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in almost any soil so long as it is well-drained and not too acid[1, 200]. Prefers a sunny position in a neutral to alkaline soil[14, 200]. Prefers a light warm dry soil[37]. When grown in rich soils the plants tend to produce more leaves but less essential oils[4]. Very tolerant of salt wind exposure. Established plants are drought tolerant[190]. When growing for maximum essential oil content, the plant must be given a very warm sunny position and will do best in a light sandy soil, the fragrance being especially pronounced in a chalky soil[245]. This species of lavender is cultivated for its essential oil in S. France and England[46, 61]. It is very closely related to L. angustifolia but perhaps not so hardy, tolerating temperatures down to about -10°c[11, 200]. Plants are not very long-lived and soon become straggly unless pruned. Any trimming of the plant is best done in spring and should not be done in the autumn since this can encourage new growth that will not be very cold-hardy[200]. A good bee plant[7, 24], also attracting butterflies and moths[30]. A good companion for most plants[54], growing well with cabbages[14].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed[4]. It usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter, planting them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Usually very east, a high percentage will root within a few weeks[78]. Grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings 7cm with a heel succeed at almost any time of the year[1]. Layering.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Lavandula angustifoliaEnglish Lavender, True Lavender23
Lavandula dentata 01
Lavandula stoechasFrench Lavender02
Lavandula x intermediaLavender, Lavandin22
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Expert comment
 
Author
Medik.
Botanical References
1150200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
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Subject : Lavandula latifolia  

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