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Larix gmelinii - (Rupr.)Rupr.
                 
Common Name Dahurian Larch, Kurile larch
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Forms dense forests at high altitudes[74]. Hills, mountains, rocky slopes, peatlands, swamps, lowland sub-arctic plains, river basins and valleys 300 - 2800 metres[266].
Range Europe - Russia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Larix gmelinii Dahurian Larch, 	Kurile larch


Larix gmelinii Dahurian Larch, 	Kurile larch
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Kinori
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Larix gmelinii is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 1 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
L. dahurica.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Resin;  Tannin;  Wood.

Resin is extracted by tapping the trunk. It is obtained from near the centre of the trunk[171], one properly made borehole can be used for 20 - 30 years[64]. The resin has a wide range of uses including wood preservatives, medicinal etc. The hole is made in the spring and the resin extracted in the autumn[64]. The yield is about 40 grams per tree[64]. The bark contains tannin[46, 61, 266]. Wood - hard, durable. Used in construction, water pipes, mine props, beams etc[46, 61, 266].
Cultivation details
Prefers an open airy position in a light or gravelly well-drained soil[200]. Plants are intolerant of badly drained soils, but they tolerate acid and infertile soils[200]. Succeeds on rocky hill or mountain sides and slopes[200]. A north or east aspect is more suitable than west or south[1]. This species is very cold-hardy when fully dormant, but the trees can be excited into premature growth in Britain by mild spells during the winter and they are then very subject to damage by late frosts and cold winds[1]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. The plant is cultivated for re-afforestation in Asia and is also used as an ornamental[266]. Growth is normally slow in Britain with average height increases of less than 30cm per year[185]. Open ground plants, 1 year x 1 year are the best for planting out, do not use container grown plants with spiralled roots[200]. Plants transplant well, even when coming into growth in the spring[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow late winter in pots in a cold frame. One months cold stratification helps germination[113]. It is best to give the seedlings light shade for the first year[78]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots. Although only a few centimetres tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer providing you give them an effective weed-excluding mulch and preferably some winter protection for their first year. Otherwise grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in early summer of the following year. The seed remains viable for 3 years[113] If you are growing larger quantities of plants, you can sow the seed in an outdoor seedbed in late winter. Grow on the seedlings in the seedbed for a couple of years until they are ready to go into their permanent positions then plant them out during the winter.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Larix deciduaLarch, European Larch, Common Larch23
Larix kaempferiJapanese Larch00
Larix laricinaTamarack, Hackmatack, American Larch22
Larix lyalliiSub-Alpine Larch10
Larix occidentalisWestern Larch22
Larix potaniniiLarch00
Larix sibiricaSiberian Larch00
Larix x marschlinsiiDunkeld Hybrid Larch00
Pseudolarix amabilisGolden Larch, Chinese golden-larch02
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Author
(Rupr.)Rupr.
Botanical References
1174200
Links / References
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Subject : Larix gmelinii  

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