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Lachnanthes carolina - (Lam.)Dandy.                
                 
Common Name Red Root
Family Haemodoraceae
Synonyms L. tinctoria.
Known Hazards Poisonous[4].
Habitats Sandy and peaty shores and swamps[43].
Range Eastern N. America - New Jersey and Rhode Island to Florida.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Lachnanthes carolina is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Lachnanthes carolina Red Root


Lachnanthes carolina Red Root
   
Habitats       
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses                                         
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Cancer;  Homeopathy;  Narcotic;  Nervine;  Tonic.

The root is astringent, narcotic, tonic and nervine[4]. Taken internally it produces a peculiar form of cerebral stimulation and narcosis, it was often used as a narcotic by some native North American Indian tribes[4]. It is also used in the treatment of bowel complaints, coughs, pneumonia and the spitting of blood[61, 257]. A strong decoction has been used as a wash for cancer[257]. A homeopathic remedy is prepared from the whole fresh plant, harvested when in flower[4].
Other Uses
A red dye is obtained from the root[1, 4, 61].
Cultivation details                                         
Requires a humus-rich loamy soil[1]. Plants are not quite hardy in Britain and are usually grown in a cold greenhouse[1, 4]. They will quite possibly succeed outdoors in the mildest areas of the country.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - we have no information on this species but suggest sowing the seed in spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring[1].
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(Lam.)Dandy.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
143
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[4]Grieve. A Modern Herbal.
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
[43]Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany.
A bit dated but good and concise flora of the eastern part of N. America.
[61]Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
[257]Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany
Very comprehensive but terse guide to the native uses of plants. Excellent bibliography, fully referenced to each plant, giving a pathway to further information. Not for the casual reader.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
José Waizel-Bucay Fri Jan 9 2009
Synonym: Lachnantes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy; Lachnantes tinctoria (Walter ex J. F. Gmel.) Elliot
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Subject : Lachnanthes carolina  
             

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