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Khaya senegalensis - (Desr.) A.Juss.
                 
Common Name Dryzone Mahogany
Family Meliaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards Used in Cote d’Ivoire as an ingredient in arrow poison[303 ]. Bark scales are sometimes used as a fish poison[303 ].
Habitats Riverine forests and is scattered within the higher-rainfall savannah woodlands. In moister areas it is found on uplands, but is restricted to riparian habitats or stream bottoms that extend into the savannah in the drier portions of the range[303 ].
Range Tropical Africa - Senegal to Sudan and Uganda.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. The trunk is up to 1 m in diameter and can be unbranched for up to 16 m. The leaves are 20 cm long with 3-6 pairs of leaflets. The fruits are woody round capsules which split into four segments. The seeds are brown and in four rows. K. senegalensis is moderately tolerant to shade. Seed oil is used for cooking. The bark is used in the treatment of fever, syphilis, jaundice, allergies, gum infection, hookworm, scorpion bites, dermatoses, and bleeding wounds. The seeds and leaves are both used for fevers and headaches. The roots, on the other hand, are used in the treatment of sterility, mental illness, syphilis, and leprosy. The wood is of superior quality and ideal for high class furniture and joinery, boat building, flooring, railroad ties, turnery, and veneer.

Khaya senegalensis Dryzone Mahogany


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Khaya senegalensis Dryzone Mahogany
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Khaya senegalensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
Swietenia senegalensis Desr.

Habitats
Edible Uses
The seeds have an oil content of 67% and are rich in oleic acid (66%)[303 ]. The oil is used in West Africa for cooking[303 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



The very bitter bark has a considerable reputation in its natural range as a fever remedy[303 ]. It is also used as a laxative, vermifuge, taenicide, depurative and for treating syphilis[303 ]. The bark extract is used for treating jaundice, dermatoses, scorpion bite, allergies, infection of the gums, hookworm, bleeding wounds (disinfectant)[303 ]. The crushed bark and seeds are regarded as an emmenagogue[303 ]. The seeds and leaves are used for treating fevers and headache[303 ]. The roots are used as a treatment against sterility, for the treatment of mental illness, against syphilis, leprosy and as an aphrodisiac[303 ].
Other Uses
Other Uses The presence of oleoresin in the vessels of Khaya species accounts for the durability of the timber and its resistance to insect and fungal attack[303 ]. The bark is used in tanning[303 ]. Young twigs are used as toothbrushes, whilst the peeled stem or root are used as chew-sticks to maintain oral hygeine[328 ]. The seeds have an oil content of 67% and are rich in oleic acid (66%)[303 ]. Wood ashes are used for conserving millet seed[303 ]. The heartwood an attractive dark red-brown, often with a purple tint; it is usually, but not always, clearly demarcated from the 3 - 8cm wide band of pinkish-tan sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain interlocked; the wood lustrous. The wood is fairly hard to hard; moderately heavy; moderately durable, being resistant to the attacts of dry wood borers, moderately resistant to fungi, but susceptible to termites. The wood seasons normally, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion when in the presence of highly interlocked grain and tension wood; once dried it is stable in service. The timber works well with nornal tools, though these need to be sharp since there is a tendency to be woolly in cross grain; nailing and screwing are good, though pre-boring is recommended; gluing is correct. The wood is favoured for good quality furniture, high-class joinery, trim and boat building. The wood is also used locally for railroad ties, flooring, turnery and veneer. Because of its decorative appearance, the wood is a very popular timber[303 , 848 ]. The wood is used in West Africa for pulp[303 ]. Only limited quantities are available for fuel wood, and trees of larger dimensions are undesirable because of difficulties with splitting and crosscutting. Hence, even if fuel wood is in short supply, larger-diameter sections are not utilized. The gross energy value of the wood is 19 990 kJ/kg[303 ].
Cultivation details
A plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,800 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 29 - 38°c, but can tolerate 13 - 42°c[418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 800 - 1,300mm, but tolerates 650 - 1,500mm[418 ]. It grows wild in areas with a dry season of 4 - 7 months[303 ]. Plants are moderately shade tolerant, especially when young, though older trees prefer sunny positions[303 , 418 ]. Grows best in a deep, fertile, moist soil[774 ]. Very resistant to flooding, the tree can be considered for planting on swampy soils[303 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6, tolerating 4.5 - 7.5[418 ]. Established plants are very drought resistant[303 ]. Young trees have a fast rate of growth[774 ]. During the first year, the seedling develops a strong, deep taproot, which makes it the most drought hardy of all the members of this genus[303 ]. Except where selectively removed by logging, dry-zone mahogany remains a dominant species in most of its range[303 ]. Successful plantations of dry-zone mahogany in other parts of the world have generally been in areas with short dry seasons and high rainfall[303 ]. Trees begin to bear seed when 20 - 25 years old[303 ]. The tree coppices well[303 , 774 ]. Natural regeneration by seed is poor, though the tree produces suckers and can regrow from these[303 ]. Although older trees are resistant to fire, seedlings are fairly susceptible[303 ].
Propagation
Seed - it can remain viable for a year or more, but germination is much better from seed sown fresh, when it can often be nearly 100%[325 ]. Sowing in lightly shaded nursery seedbeds has been shown to give better results than sowing in containers. Germination can begin in about 3 weeks[303 ]. Seedlings are potted up into individual containers when they are about 5cm tall and are then grown on for about 12 months until they are 30cm tall and ready for planting out[325 ]. The tree has been successfully planted as bare rooted, but use of containerized seedlings yields better results[303 ]. Seed capsules are clipped from trees when the capsules begin to split. The capsules are sun dried until they split and then shelled by hand. The seed is further dried and then stored in sealed containers in a refrigerator, because viability is lost quickly at ambient air temperatures[303 ]

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Other Names
Dryzone Mahogany, Acajou, Acajou-du-Senegal, Bentia, Bentiene, Betenhete, Betone, Biaierre, Bissilao, Bissilon, Bussilo, Cae, Caicedrat, Djalo, Embale, Fame, Iacume, Kuntunkuri, Tagmi, Taminii, Unchomro, Utime,
Found In
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Côte d'Ivoire; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; South Sudan; Sudan; Togo; Uganda, Africa, Australia, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, East Africa, Ghana, Guinea, Guinée, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Somalia, West Africa,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Khaya anthothecaWhite Mahogany, East African Mahogany02
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(Desr.) A.Juss.
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For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
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