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Juniperus horizontalis - Moench.
                 
Common Name Creeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry rocky soil, sterile pastures and fields[204].
Range Northern N. America - Newfoundland to British Columbia, south to Washington and Maine.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Blue.

Juniperus horizontalis Creeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper


Juniperus horizontalis Creeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:SriMesh
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Juniperus horizontalis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in leaf 12-Jan, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline and saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Ground Cover;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Coffee;  Tea.

The fruits are roasted and used in the preparation of a coffee-like beverage[183]. A tea is made from the young branch tips[183, 257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Diaphoretic;  Febrifuge;  Kidney.

An infusion of the branches, or fleshy cones, has been used in the treatment of coughs, colds and fevers[257]. The cones or branches can also be used as a steam bath[257]. An infusion of the seeds has been used in the treatment of kidney problems[257].
Other Uses
Baby care;  Incense.

A good ground cover plant for a sunny position[208], eventually making a dense cover though it requires weeding for the first year or so[197]. The bark has been crushed and used as a soft hygienic pad in cradles[257]. It has also been used to make mats[257]. The young twigs and leaves have been burnt as an incense[257].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Cascades, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore. Succeeds in a sunny position in most soils so long as they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[11] and succeeding on chalk[200]. Succeeds in dry soils[200]. An aggregate species[204]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[200]. 'Bar Harbour' is very salt-resistant[200]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features: North American native, Fragrant foliage, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[78, 81]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[11]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[1]. Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[1, 78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Juniperus asheiAshe Juniper, Mountain Cedar10
Juniperus californicaCalifornian Juniper, Chuperosa21
Juniperus chinensisChinese Juniper, Sargent juniper02
Juniperus communisJuniper, Common juniper33
Juniperus communis nanaJuniper33
Juniperus confertaShore Juniper20
Juniperus deppeanaAligator Juniper30
Juniperus drupaceaSyrian Juniper30
Juniperus excelsaGrecian Juniper21
Juniperus monospermaOne-Seed Juniper32
Juniperus occidentalisWestern Juniper32
Juniperus osteospermaDesert Juniper, Utah juniper22
Juniperus oxycedrusPrickly Juniper, Cade juniper01
Juniperus recurvaHimalayan Juniper11
Juniperus rigidaTemple Juniper, Needle Juniper21
Juniperus sabinaSavine, Tam Juniper02
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain Juniper, Weeping Rocky Mountian Juniper, Colorado Red Cedar32
Juniperus silicicolaSouthern Redcedar, Juniper, Southern Red Cedar22
Juniperus squamataFlaky Juniper01
Juniperus tetragona 20
Juniperus virginianaPencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East22
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Expert comment
 
Author
Moench.
Botanical References
200204
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Ben Frederick Wed May 31 2006
Is there any week killer that you know of that will not harm these Juniper plants? Thnaks!
Elizabeth H.
Rae Hendry Thu Sep 6 2007
A warning to all dog owners! I have just paid over £300.00 to have a piece of this vicious plant removed from under my labrador's skin, where it had worked its way in and caused an adverse reaction, resulting in considerable pain, a huge operation wound and several weeks of housebound convalescence. Don't grow this plant if you have dogs!
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Subject : Juniperus horizontalis  

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