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Juniperus excelsa - M. Bieb.
                 
Common Name Grecian Juniper
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Inner dry ranges of the Himalayas, 1500 - 4200 metres[146], from Nepal to Afghanistan.
Range S. Europe to E. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Juniperus excelsa Grecian Juniper


Juniperus excelsa Grecian Juniper
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Juniperus excelsa is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Jan, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
J. macropoda. Boiss.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. A liquid is obtained from the fruit[146] (used for drinking?).The cones are about 7 - 12mm in diameter and take 2 years to mature[200].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Miscellany.

The smoke from the branches is used in India to treat the delirium of fevers[240].
Other Uses
Fuel;  Incense;  Miscellany;  Roofing;  Wood.

The bark is used for roofing[146]. Wood - moderately hard, close and even grained, fragrant, good quality. Used for construction, fuel and it is also burnt as an incense[1, 146, 158]. The crushed foliage emits a warm resinous scent[185].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in dry soils. Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[11] and succeeding on chalk[200]. Plants are tender when young, they require a sheltered position[1]. The crushed foliage emits a warm resinous scent[185]. Plants are usually dioecious though sometimes they are monoecious[11]. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Propagation
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[78, 81]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[11]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[1]. Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[1, 78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Juniperus asheiAshe Juniper, Mountain Cedar10
Juniperus californicaCalifornian Juniper, Chuperosa21
Juniperus chinensisChinese Juniper, Sargent juniper02
Juniperus communisJuniper, Common juniper33
Juniperus communis nanaJuniper33
Juniperus confertaShore Juniper20
Juniperus deppeanaAligator Juniper30
Juniperus drupaceaSyrian Juniper30
Juniperus horizontalisCreeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper21
Juniperus monospermaOne-Seed Juniper32
Juniperus occidentalisWestern Juniper32
Juniperus osteospermaDesert Juniper, Utah juniper22
Juniperus oxycedrusPrickly Juniper, Cade juniper01
Juniperus recurvaHimalayan Juniper11
Juniperus rigidaTemple Juniper, Needle Juniper21
Juniperus sabinaSavine, Tam Juniper02
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain Juniper, Weeping Rocky Mountian Juniper, Colorado Red Cedar32
Juniperus silicicolaSouthern Redcedar, Juniper, Southern Red Cedar22
Juniperus squamataFlaky Juniper01
Juniperus tetragona 20
Juniperus virginianaPencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East22
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Expert comment
 
Author
M. Bieb.
Botanical References
11146200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Christian Akhrass Wed Jun 8 06:49:32 2005
hello,when i entered this site i was very pleased,here in Lebanon we do have have many mountains covered by this speicies,from an altitude of 1200m,(rare below) and arriving to 2750m and may arrive higher(highest mountain is "qornet el sawda" 3088m)in the northern part of the country so i always go treking in winter and summer between those trees to smell their scent and to admire the enormous trunks (6 - 12m), photos and desciptions are available so i wood like to know better on the spicies we have in our contry also to make more contacts

regards,Christian

Elizabeth H.
Mohammad Yahya Musakhel Wed Jun 7 2006
Dear Sir/ Madam I worked on Juniper in the 2nd largest Juniper Tract Ziarat Balochistan especially on conservation and also prepare the Research Papr i want to Publish. the topic is EFFECTS OF FUEL EFFICIENT STOVES ON JUNIPER ECOSYSTEM, PLEASE HELP ME AND GUIDE ME
Elizabeth H.
Mohammad Saeed Mon Aug 7 2006
Dear Mohammad! Balochistan University of Information Technology & Management Sciences has its reaseach Journal (Journal of Applied & emerging Sciences)thats being published every 6 months. We encourage the young scientists especially from Balochistan to write scholarly articles for our journal Please send your manuscrip to jaes@buitms.edu.pk. as an attachemnt. Regards Mohammad Saeed
Elizabeth H.
Christian Akhrass Sat Apr 12 2008
The millenium trees of Lebanon - a brief description. Scattered on all the northern part of the Western Mountain Chain of Lebanon a part of this chain also called Mount Lebanon and in some parts of the Eastern Mountain Chain as well called the Anti-Lebanon, the Juniperus Excelsa M Bieb tree is growing on both eastern and western slopes of these mountain ranges, at an altitude variying between 800m(Nahr Ibrahim/Qartaba) and 2800(Makmel Mountain Chain). It is one of three kinds of Juniperus species found on the Mediterranean basin, we can find as wel as the J.Excelsa, J.Procera and J.Thurifera. In Lebanon these tree has a very common name by villagers called "Lizzab", their wood are every appreciated by local comunities, and it is also mutilated and cut in a bad way,these kinds of acts can occur in a large degradation of this tree in the next sevaral years to come. Several hundred of these trees along these mountains are very old,some trunks circomferences can reach between 13-16m (Afka-Hermel...) Some can reach 24-26m in height(el Qilli forest/Akkar). The Juniperus Excelsa tree extends on a large landscape forming big and small taxons on a different areas and altitude and in some areas with Cedar trees(Cedrus Libani), Fir trees (Abies Cilicica) and another two kinds of Juniper trees, without forgetting the different kinds of Oak trees. This tree must be protected by law as quick as possible for the next generations to come. Christian Akhrass
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Subject : Juniperus excelsa  

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