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Juniperus deppeana - Steudel.
                 
Common Name Aligator Juniper
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 7-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open oak or pine woodlands[229] on dry, arid mountain slopes, 1200 - 1800 metres[82].
Range South-western N. America - Texas, Arizona and Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
Form: Oval, Weeping.

Juniperus deppeana Aligator Juniper


http://www.flickr.com/people/28340342@N08
Juniperus deppeana Aligator Juniper
http://www.flickr.com/photos/cogdog/
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Juniperus deppeana is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Feb to March, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
J. pachyphlaea. J. deppeana pachyphlaea. (Torr.)Martinez.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[85, 161, 183]. A dry and mealy texture[82, 181] but with a sweet and palatable taste[2, 181]. The fruit can also be dried, ground into a meal and prepared as a mush or cakes[95, 105, 183]. The fruit has a sweetish palatable pulp and is about 15mm in diameter[183]. The cones take 2 years to mature[200].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - light, soft, not strong, brittle, close grained[82]. Although easily worked, it is of limited value as lumber and is used mainly for fence posts and fuel[229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Screen, Specimen. Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[11]. Requires a hot dry position in full sun[200]. Does well on lime[200]. A slow-growing but long-lived tree[229], it grows better in dry areas with hot summers[200]. Western Britain is generally to cool and wet for this species to thrive[200]. Trees often produce vigorous shoots from the base of the trunk, or from the stumps of felled trees[82]. The seed takes two summers to ripen[229]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Special Features: North American native, Fragrant foliage, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[78, 81]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[11]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[1]. Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[1, 78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Juniperus asheiAshe Juniper, Mountain Cedar10
Juniperus californicaCalifornian Juniper, Chuperosa21
Juniperus chinensisChinese Juniper, Sargent juniper02
Juniperus communisJuniper, Common juniper33
Juniperus communis nanaJuniper33
Juniperus confertaShore Juniper20
Juniperus drupaceaSyrian Juniper30
Juniperus excelsaGrecian Juniper21
Juniperus horizontalisCreeping Juniper, Horizontal Juniper21
Juniperus monospermaOne-Seed Juniper32
Juniperus occidentalisWestern Juniper32
Juniperus osteospermaDesert Juniper, Utah juniper22
Juniperus oxycedrusPrickly Juniper, Cade juniper01
Juniperus recurvaHimalayan Juniper11
Juniperus rigidaTemple Juniper, Needle Juniper21
Juniperus sabinaSavine, Tam Juniper02
Juniperus scopulorumRocky Mountain Juniper, Weeping Rocky Mountian Juniper, Colorado Red Cedar32
Juniperus silicicolaSouthern Redcedar, Juniper, Southern Red Cedar22
Juniperus squamataFlaky Juniper01
Juniperus tetragona 20
Juniperus virginianaPencil Cedar, Eastern redcedar, Southern redcedar, Silver Cedar, Burk Eastern Red Cedar, Silver East22
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Expert comment
 
Author
Steudel.
Botanical References
1182200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
gene solberg Wed Nov 10 22:55:40 2004
section on propigation is what I was lookig for.... just moved to Arizona & have developed a great attachment to these trees. As I wonder in the forest they have captured my imagination as the "old people" of the forest. I want to see if I can get some seeds to germinate so I can plant them all over. Any suggestions would be welcome
Elizabeth H.
Guy Spelts Wed Mar 28 2007
Gene, I came across your post and had to respond. Unfortunetly, it is not to your question. My respond is to your thought on the "old people". I really like that! I have also experianced simular thoughts. When I'm out, especially when I come across one that is 6 to 8 foot wide at the base. I always stop and think, "Oh man do I wish you could talk, I can only imagine the stories you would tell. They definetly have a spirited ambiance. Thanks for the opportunity to reflect!
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Subject : Juniperus deppeana  

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