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Illicium verum - Hook.f.
                 
Common Name Ba Jiao Hui Xian, Staranise tree
Family Illiciaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The fruit is poisonous in quantity[19, 177].
Habitats Light woodland and thickets[200]. Forests at elevations of 200 - 1600 metres in S and W Guangxi Province, China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Vietnam.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Illicium verum Ba Jiao Hui Xian, Staranise tree


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Illicium verum Ba Jiao Hui Xian, Staranise tree
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Illicium verum is an evergreen Tree growing to 5 m (16ft) by 3 m (9ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

The fruit is used as a flavouring in curries, teas and pickles[2, 132, 177, 238]. It is an ingredient of 'five spice powder', used in Chinese and Vietnamese cuisine[238]. The fruit is also chewed after meals in order to sweeten the breath[4]. Caution is advised because it is said to be poisonous in quantity[19, 177]. The essential oil is used to flavour liqueurs, soft drinks and bakery products[238].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Appetizer;  Carminative;  Expectorant;  Homeopathy;  Stimulant.

The fruit is antibacterial, carminative, diuretic, odontalgic, stimulant, and stomachic[4, 21, 61, 176, 240]. It is taken internally in the treatment of abdominal pain, digestive disturbances and complaints such as lumbago[176, 238]. It is often included in remedies for digestive disturbances and cough mixtures, in part at least for its pleasant aniseed flavour[238]. An effective remedy for various digestive upsets, including colic, it can be safely given to children[254]. The fruit is also often chewed in small quantities after meals in order to promote digestion and to sweeten the breath[4, 238]. The fruit has an antibacterial affect similar to penicillin[176]. The fruit is harvested unripe when used for chewing, the ripe fruits being used to extract essential oil and are dried for use in decoctions and powders[238]. A homeopathic remedy is prepared from the seed[4].
Other Uses
Essential;  Incense.

The pounded bark is used as an incense[4].
Cultivation details
Prefers a light, moist well-drained loam and a sheltered position[1, 11] Prefers a humus-rich lime-free soil[182, 200]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[200]. This species is not very cold-hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c and requires a very sheltered position or the protection of a wall when grown in Britain[200]. Chinese anise is extensively cultivated in China for its fruit and medicinal essential oil[200]. It is planted in the grounds of temples in Japan, and also on tombs[4]. Plants seldom grow larger than about 3 metres in Britain, but eventually reach about 18 metres tall in their native habitat[200].
Propagation
Seed - it does not require pre-treatment and can be sown in early spring in a greenhouse[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give some protection from the cold over the winter for the first year or two. Layering in early spring. Takes 18 months[78]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, August in a frame[113]. Pot up the cuttings when they start to root and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting out after the last expected frosts.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Illicium anisatumStar Anise, Chinese Anise,Japanese Anise12
Illicium floridanumAniseed Tree, Florida anisetree, Purple Anise, Star Anise, Florida anise10
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Expert comment
 
Author
Hook.f.
Botanical References
200266
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
jp Sun Jan 17 2010
who is growing this plant ?

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Subject : Illicium verum  

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