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Illicium floridanum - J.Ellis.
                 
Common Name Aniseed Tree, Florida anisetree, Purple Anise, Star Anise, Florida anise
Family Illiciaceae
USDA hardiness 6-10
Known Hazards Although no mention of toxicity has been seen for this species, at least one other member of the genus has a fruit that is poisonous in quantity[19, 177].
Habitats Lowland wet areas, often in sandy soils along streams, swamps and at the head of bays[229], in light woodland and thickets[200].
Range South-eastern N. America - Florida to Louisiana.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Pink, Purple, Red. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Rounded.

Illicium floridanum Aniseed Tree, Florida anisetree, Purple Anise, Star Anise, Florida anise


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Illicium floridanum Aniseed Tree, Florida anisetree, Purple Anise, Star Anise, Florida anise
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Illicium floridanum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

Said to be used as a spice[105, 177, 183]. No further details are given, but the leaves have a strong aroma of aniseed[245].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Foundation, Pest tolerant, Massing, Screen, Specimen, Woodland garden. Prefers a light, moist well-drained loam and a sheltered position[1, 11] Prefers a humus-rich lime-free soil[182, 200]. A plant of woodland shade in its native habitat, in the less sunny British climate it succeeds in sun or semi-shade[200, 260]. This species is not very cold-hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c, only succeeding outdoors in the mildest areas of Britain[1, 11, 166]. A slow-growing tree[229], the whole plant is very aromatic[182]. The bruised leaves have a strong scent of aniseed, whilst the flowers have a powerful spicy odour[245]. Suckers can spring up at some distance from the parent plant[260]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Fragrant foliage, Wetlands plant, Suitable for cut flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - it does not require pre-treatment and can be sown in early spring in a greenhouse[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give some protection from the cold over the winter for the first year or two. Layering in early spring. Takes 18 months[78]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, August in a frame[113]. Pot up the cuttings when they start to root and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting out after the last expected frosts. Suckers are sometimes produced at some distance from the parent plant. These suckers can be potted up in early spring, then grown on for a year before planting them out into their permanent positions.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Illicium anisatumStar Anise, Chinese Anise,Japanese Anise12
Illicium verumBa Jiao Hui Xian, Staranise tree33
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Expert comment
 
Author
J.Ellis.
Botanical References
72200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Paul Sun May 30 18:09:58 2004
I bought some anaseed balls from a sweet shop and i tried to grow an anaseed tree from several seeds from the centre of my sweets. One germinated and now i have a small anaseed plant. I live in Central Scotland, can any one give me any advice for growing my tree? P.S. I don't have a green house.

Please reply, Regards, Paul.

Elizabeth H.
Tom Borg Tue May 2 2006
We have this growing, with the related illicium anisatum, in Cheshire. Planted about 18 years ago they are compact shrubs that have proved completely hardy - at least to our lowest recorded of -13C. Although both plants are fragrant, I would not describe it as a 'powerful' odour, you have to get the nose in to detect, and floridanum is the least of the two! Both easy from cuttings and highly recommended evergreens, have never set seed with us.
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Subject : Illicium floridanum  

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