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Illicium anisatum - L.                
                 
Common Name Star Anise
Family Illiciaceae
Synonyms I. religiosum. Sieb.&Zucc.
Known Hazards The essential oil obtained from this plant is poisonous[270]. The fruit is poisonous in quantity[19, 177].
Habitats Thickets and woods in foothills, S. and C. Japan[58].
Range E. Asia - S. China, Japan, Taiwan.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Illicium anisatum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Illicium anisatum Star Anise


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koeh-075.jpg
Illicium anisatum Star Anise
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The fruit is used as a flavouring[2, 132, 177] and is also chewed after meals in order to sweeten the breath[4]. The fruit is about 25mm in diameter[2]. Some caution is advised because it is said to be poisonous in quantity[19, 177].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Carminative;  Diuretic;  Odontalgic;  Stimulant;  Stomachic.

Diuretic, odontalgic, stimulant[4, 61]. The fruit is carminative, stimulant and stomachic[21, 240]. It is used primarily to promote digestion and the appetite, and to relieve flatulence[21]. It also makes a good additive to other medicines to improve their taste[21]. The leaves and the seeds are antibacterial[240].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Prefers a light, moist well-drained loam and a sheltered position[1, 11]. Prefers a humus-rich lime-free soil[182, 200]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[200]. A slow-growing plant[188]. This species is not very cold-hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to about -10°c but normally requires the protection of a wall in most of Britain[184]. It succeeds outdoors in the mildest areas of the country[59]. Star anise is a very ornamental and aromatic plant that is much planted near Buddhist shrines and temples in Japan[184]. The plants have the scent of anise[219]. All parts of the plant are pleasingly aromatic. The leaves release a powerful aromatic odour when touched and the flowers have a spicy odour[245]. Plants seldom grow larger than about 2 metres in Britain, but are often 10 metres tall in their native habitat[58].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - it does not require pre-treatment and can be sown in early spring in a greenhouse[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give some protection from the cold over the winter for the first year or two. Layering in early spring. Takes 18 months[78]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, August in a frame[113]. Pot up the cuttings when they start to root and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting out after the last expected frosts.
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
1158200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[2]Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
[4]Grieve. A Modern Herbal.
Not so modern (1930's?) but lots of information, mainly temperate plants.
[11]Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement.
A classic with a wealth of information on the plants, but poor on pictures.
[19]Stary. F. Poisonous Plants.
Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.
[21]Lust. J. The Herb Book.
Lots of information tightly crammed into a fairly small book.
[58]Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation)
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
[59]Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall.
Trees and shrubs that succeed in Cornwall based on the authors own observations. Good but rather dated.
[61]Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
[78]Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
[113]Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
[132]Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth.
Lovely pictures, a very readable book.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[182]Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos.
Contains a wide range of plants with a brief description, mainly of their ornamental value but also usually of cultivation details and varieties.
[184]Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs.
Excellent photographs and a terse description of 1900 species and cultivars.
[188]Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers
Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little information on plant uses.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[219]Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls
A nice little book about plants for growing against walls and a small section on plants that can grow in walls.
[240]Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
[245]Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World.
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Tran Phuoc Duong Thu Dec 1 2005
I could not get access to "Flora of N. America O (as listed in reference 270) Prof. Tran Phuoc Duong Can Tho University Viet Nam tpduong@ctu.edu.vn
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Subject : Illicium anisatum  
             

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