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Ilex vomitoria - Sol. ex Aiton.
                 
Common Name Yaupon Holly,
Family Aquifoliaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274]. The fruit is poisonous[177].
Habitats Sandy woods and clearings[43]. Low moist woods, especially near the coast[149]. Often forming dense thickets along streams and pond margins and shallow swamp lands[229].
Range South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas and Arkansas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly,


Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly,
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Ilex vomitoria is an evergreen Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft 8in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Oct to December. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment;  Tea.

A mildly stimulating beverage containing caffeine is made from the dried and roasted leaves[43, 171, 183]. The tea is stimulating and intoxicating[161]. The leaves are first steeped in cold and then in boiling water[183]. They are also used to flavour ice cream and soft drinks[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Emetic.

A decoction of the leaves is emetic[4, 11, 171]. The plant was used ritually by several N. American Indian tribes. The leaves were toasted over a fire and then boiled for several hours. The resulting thick black liquid was then drunk and this was followed by immediate vomiting[213]. This was often used a a purification rite prior to hunting[213].
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge;  Wood.

This species is occasionally used for hedging in the southern states of America[82]. Wood - hard, heavy, strong, close grained. It weighs 46lb per cubic foot. Too small for commercial exploitation, the wood is used locally for turnery, inlay work, woodenware etc[82, 149, 227, 229].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils so long as they are not water-logged[200]. This species is not fully hardy in Britain, the plants are incapable of withstanding our hardest winters[11]. A slow-growing species in the wild, often forming dense thickets from root suckers[229]. The leaves remain on the plant for 2 - 3 years, falling just before the appearance of new leaves in the spring[82]. Flowers are produced on the current year's growth[229]. Resents root disturbance, especially as the plants get older[11]. It is best to place the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, perhaps giving some winter protection for their first year or two[K]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It can take 18 months to germinate. Stored seed generally requires two winters and a summer before it will germinate and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. Scarification, followed by a warm stratification and then a cold stratification may speed up the germination time[78, 80]. The seedlings are rather slow-growing. Pot them up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame for their first year. It is possible to plant them out into a nursery bed in late spring of the following year, but they should not be left here for more than two years since they do not like being transplanted. Alternatively, grow them on in their pots for a second season and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Give them a good mulch and some protection for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of almost ripe wood with a heel, August in a shaded position in a cold frame. Leave for 12 months before potting up. Layering in October. Takes 2 years[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ilex aculeolata 10
Ilex aquifoliumHolly, English holl, Christmas Holly, Common Holly, English Holly22
Ilex asprella 02
Ilex cassineCassine, Dahoon, Cassine Holly11
Ilex chapaensis 10
Ilex coriaceaLarge Gallberry10
Ilex cornutaHorned Holly, Chinese holly12
Ilex crenataJapanese Holly, Box Leaved Holly10
Ilex glabraInkberry10
Ilex integraMochi Tree10
Ilex latifoliaTarajo10
Ilex macropoda 10
Ilex opacaAmerican Holly22
Ilex pedunculosa 11
Ilex pubescens 02
Ilex purpurea 02
Ilex rotundaKurogane holly01
Ilex verticillataWinterberry, Common winterberry13
Ilex x altaclerensisHolly00
Ilex yunnanensis 01
Quercus ilexHolly Oak, Evergreen Oak52
Quercus ilex ballotaHolm Oak52
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Expert comment
 
Author
Sol. ex Aiton.
Botanical References
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Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
bianca kaye Sun Nov 23 12:18:26 2003

Link: yellow holly it has yellow bearys and green leafs and the bearys stay yellow

Elizabeth H.
Kevin Feinstein Fri Nov 7 2008
Does anyone have any nutritional information on the tea brewed from I. vomitoria? Yerba mate', Ilex paraguayensis, is a superfood. Drinking it can satisfy tremendous vitamin and mineral requirements.

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Subject : Ilex vomitoria  

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