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Ilex purpurea - Hassk.
                 
Common Name
Family Aquifoliaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274].
Habitats Evergreen broad-leaf forests, forest margins on mountain slopes at elevations of 500 - 1000 metres in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Ilex purpurea


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Ilex purpurea
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Ilex purpurea is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Sep to December. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
I. chinensis. Sims.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cancer;  Carminative;  Skin;  Tonic.

This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[218]. It is reported to have antitumor properties[218]. An extract of the leaves is made into a solution and used for treating burns, ulcers in the lower extremities etc[218]. The ashes of the leaves are used as a dressing for skin ailments and poisoned wounds[218]. Seed is carminative and tonic[218].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils so long as they are not water-logged[200]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. According to another report, the plant is only hardy to about -3°c[260]. Resents root disturbance, especially as the plants get older[11]. It is best to place the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, perhaps giving some winter protection for their first year or two[K]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut right back into old wood if required[188]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It can take 18 months to germinate. Stored seed generally requires two winters and a summer before it will germinate and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. Scarification, followed by a warm stratification and then a cold stratification may speed up the germination time[78, 80]. The seedlings are rather slow-growing. Pot them up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame for their first year. It is possible to plant them out into a nursery bed in late spring of the following year, but they should not be left here for more than two years since they do not like being transplanted. Alternatively, grow them on in their pots for a second season and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Give them a good mulch and some protection for their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of almost ripe wood with a heel, August in a shaded position in a cold frame. Leave for 12 months before potting up. Layering in October. Takes 2 years[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ilex aculeolata 10
Ilex aquifoliumHolly, English holl, Christmas Holly, Common Holly, English Holly22
Ilex asprella 02
Ilex cassineCassine, Dahoon, Cassine Holly11
Ilex chapaensis 10
Ilex coriaceaLarge Gallberry10
Ilex cornutaHorned Holly, Chinese holly12
Ilex crenataJapanese Holly, Box Leaved Holly10
Ilex glabraInkberry10
Ilex integraMochi Tree10
Ilex latifoliaTarajo10
Ilex macropoda 10
Ilex opacaAmerican Holly22
Ilex pedunculosa 11
Ilex pubescens 02
Ilex rotundaKurogane holly01
Ilex verticillataWinterberry, Common winterberry13
Ilex vomitoriaYaupon Holly,11
Ilex x altaclerensisHolly00
Ilex yunnanensis 01
Quercus ilexHolly Oak, Evergreen Oak52
Quercus ilex ballotaHolm Oak52
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Expert comment
 
Author
Hassk.
Botanical References
200266
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
lorna ballantyne Wed Jul 7 11:00:05 2004
i think that the information could have a few pictures of the plant so that people know what the are looking at or looking for.
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Subject : Ilex purpurea  

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