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Gleditsia sinensis - Lam.                
                 
Common Name Locust
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 8-9
Known Hazards The plant contains potentially toxic compounds[222].
Habitats Dry valleys in W. China, 1000 - 1600 metres[109]. Along valley streams or on level land[147].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Irregular or sprawling, Rounded.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Gleditsia sinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft 4in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
Gleditsia sinensis Locust


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Rupp.de
Gleditsia sinensis Locust
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Rupp.de
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

The seed is roasted, dehusked, soaked until soft then boiled and eaten with sugar[179]. Young leaves - cooked. A famine food used when all else fails[177].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Antibacterial;  Antifungal;  Antipruritic;  Antitussive;  Astringent;  Emetic;  Expectorant;  Febrifuge;  Haemostatic;  Laxative;  
Skin;  Stimulant;  VD.

A decoction of the leaves is used for washing sores[218], including syphilitic skin diseases[174]. The stem bark is anthelmintic and febrifuge[218]. The fruit is antibacterial, antifungal, antitussive, astringent, emetic, expectorant, haemostatic and stimulant[174, 176, 178, 218]. It is used in the treatment of bronchial asthma with sticky phlegm, epilepsy and apoplexy with loss of consciousness[176]. Overdosage can cause poisoning of the entire body, haemolysis of the blood[176]. The seed is emetic, expectorant, decongestant and purgative[147, 218]. They have been used in the treatment of cancer of the rectum[218]. The root bark is anthelmintic and antifebrile[218]. The thorns on the plant are antipruritic[176]. They are used in the treatment of acute purulent inflammation, dermatopathies and tonsillitis[176]. They should not be used by pregnant women[176]. The plant has been used in the treatment of lockjaw, stroke, acute numbness of the throat and epilepsy, but the report does not make clear whether the seed or the thorns of the plant are used[147]
Other Uses
Soap;  Tannin;  Wood.

The pod is used as a soap substitute[46, 61]. The seed is used[178]. Tannin is obtained from the seedpod[61]. Wood - strong, durable, coarse-grained[82]. Used for general construction[46, 61].
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Border, Rock garden, Specimen. Easily grown in a loamy soil, requiring a sunny position[11]. Succeeds in most soils[200]. Tolerates drought once established[1] and atmospheric pollution[200]. Rather tender when young, it grows best in S. Britain[11]. A tree at Cambridge Botanical Gardens was 13 metres tall in 1985[11]. Trees have a light canopy, they come into leaf late in the spring and drop their leaves in early autumn[200] making them an excellent top storey tree in a woodland garden. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Fragrant flowers, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in a greenhouse[78]. The seed should have swollen up, in which case it can be sown, if it has not swollen then soak it for another 24 hours in warm water. If this does not work then file away some of the seed coat but be careful not to damage the embryo[78]. Further soaking should then cause the seed to swell. One it has swollen, the seed should germinate within 2 - 4 weeks at 20°c. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual deep pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. Give the plants some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
Lam.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
11109200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Tue Apr 27 12:02:47 2004
Chinese locust
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Subject : Gleditsia sinensis  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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