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Gaultheria humifusa - (Graham.)Rydb.
                 
Common Name Alpine Wintergreen, Alpine spicywintergreen
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Moist alpine and sub-alpine slopes[60].
Range Western N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Gaultheria humifusa Alpine Wintergreen, Alpine spicywintergreen


http://www.flickr.com/photos/nordique/
Gaultheria humifusa Alpine Wintergreen, Alpine spicywintergreen
Lindsey Koepke @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Gaultheria humifusa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
G. myrsinites. Vaccinium humifusum.
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[183]. Aromatic and delicious[2, 62, 106] with a flavour of wintergreen. Often used in preserves[183]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200]. Leaves - raw[62]. Used as a wayside nibble[85]. The young tender leaves are especially suited for use as greens[183]. They have a delicate flavour of wintergreen. A tea is made from the fresh or dried leaves[62, 85, 183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye.

A ground cover plant for positions in the sun or light shade. A black dye has been made from the plant[257].
Cultivation details
Prefers a moist but not boggy humus rich soil in sun or semi-shade[11]. This species requires a lot of shade[1]. A peat and moisture loving species, it requires a lime-free soil[11]. The plant can make a good nesting place for mice, these mice then eat the bark of the stems in winter causing die-back. Grows well in a rock garden[11]. This species is closely allied to G. ovatifolia[11]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. Pre-chill for 4 - 10 weeks and then surface sow in a lime-free compost in a shady part of the greenhouse and keep the compost moist[78]. The seed usually germinates well, usually within 1 - 2 months at 20°c, but the seedlings are liable to damp off. It is important to water them with care and to ensure that they get plenty of ventilation. Watering them with a garlic infusion can also help to prevent damping of[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are about 25mm tall and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter[K]. Plant them out in late spring or early summer. The seedlings are susceptible to spring frosts so might need some protection for their first few years outdoors. The leaves remain very small for the first few years[11]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 3 - 6cm long, July/August in a frame in a shady position. They form roots in late summer or spring[78]. A good percentage usually take. Division in spring just before new growth begins[200]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring. Layering.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Gaultheria adenothrix 30
Gaultheria antipodaSnowberry20
Gaultheria appressaWhite Waxberry20
Gaultheria cumingiana 22
Gaultheria depressaMountain Snowberry20
Gaultheria fragrantissimaFragrant Wintergreen22
Gaultheria griffithianum 20
Gaultheria hispidaSnowberry21
Gaultheria hispidulaCreeping Snowberry41
Gaultheria insana 11
Gaultheria japonicaCreeping Snowberry41
Gaultheria macrostigma 20
Gaultheria mucronata 40
Gaultheria myrsinoides 20
Gaultheria nummularioides 20
Gaultheria ovatifoliaMountain Checkerberry, Western teaberry30
Gaultheria procumbensCheckerberry, Eastern teaberry, Teaberry, Creeping Wintergreen43
Gaultheria pumila 20
Gaultheria pumila leucocarpa 20
Gaultheria pyroliifolia 20
Gaultheria pyroloides 30
Gaultheria rigida 10
Gaultheria sclelophylla 20
Gaultheria shallonShallon, Salal52
Gaultheria trichophylla 20
Gaultheria x wisleyensis 20
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Expert comment
 
Author
(Graham.)Rydb.
Botanical References
1160
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
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Subject : Gaultheria humifusa  

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