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Garrya elliptica - Douglas. ex Lindl.
                 
Common Name Coast Silk Tassel, Wavyleaf silktassel
Family Garryaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Chaparral and forest on dry slopes and ridges below 600 metres[71, 184].
Range South-western N. America - California to Oregon.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Garrya elliptica Coast Silk Tassel, Wavyleaf silktassel


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Garrya_elliptica_RHS.jpeg
Garrya elliptica Coast Silk Tassel, Wavyleaf silktassel
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Garrya elliptica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Nov to February. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Abortifacient;  Antiperiodic;  Febrifuge.

The leaves are intensely bitter and are used as an antiperiodic and febrifuge. They can be used as a quinine substitute[46, 61, 95]. An infusion has been used to induce menstruation, probably acting as an abortifacient[257].
Other Uses
Dye;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Repellent;  Wood.

Grows well by the sea and can be grown as a hedge in the milder parts of Britain[29, 166]. A hedge in a sheltered position at Wisley in 1991 was very healthy[K]. Makes a good wind shelter[166]. Grey to black dyes are obtained from the berries. The colour varies according to the ripeness of the fruit, green fruits are the best[168]. The bark and leaves are very bitter, a possible insect repellent?[K]. Wood - hard, close-grained. It has been used for fine cabinet work, though its small size and rarity limits its commercial usefulness[229].
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position succeeding in most well-drained fertile soils[182, 200, 202]. Succeeds in a hot dry position. Succeeds in light shade[202], the plants are also tolerant of quite deep shade[219]. Does not require a rich soil or abundant moisture[11], if the soil is too fertile the flowering will be delayed[200]. Plants are resistant to urban pollution and maritime exposure, but they are subject to wind scorch from cold drying winds in colder areas[184]. This species is hardy to about -15°c[184], it is best on a sunny wall in most parts of the country but does very well as a free standing shrub in Devon and Cornwall[11]. In cold winters and springs the previous year's leaves may fall before the new leaves are produced[202]. A hedge in a relatively open area at Wisley in Surrey is growing well (1991), as is a plant in a friend's garden in Stockton on Teesside(1998)[K]. All pruning should be carried out in spring before new growth starts but after flowering has ended[1]. Plants are strongly resentful of root disturbance[1, 11], they should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Very slow, the seed can take 2 or more years to germinate. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm with a heel, August in a frame[200]. Cuttings of mature wood 10 - 12 cm with a heel, December/January in a frame[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Garrya fremontiiFever Bush, Bearbrush01
Quercus garryanaOregon White Oak, Garry Oak22
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Expert comment
 
Author
Douglas. ex Lindl.
Botanical References
1171200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Michael Mon Oct 16 2006
I have two plants garrya elliptica, and the cultivar james roof. Both do really well and I live in Saltburn in the northeat of England. Truly outstanding pland when very little else is in flower.
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Subject : Garrya elliptica  

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