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Galium aparine - L.                
                 
Common Name Goosegrass, Coachweed, Catchweed, Stickywilly
Family Rubiaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards The sap of the plant can cause contact dermatitis in sensitive people[222]. Can cause severe skin irritation [301].
Habitats Hedgerows and as a weed of cultivated land[7]. Moist and grassy places on most types of soil[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Spain, N. and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Galium aparine is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 3 m (9ft 10in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
Aparine hispida, Aparine vulgaris, Asterophyllum aparine, Galium charoides
Galium aparine Goosegrass, Coachweed, Catchweed, Stickywilly


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Galium_aparine_b.jpg
Galium aparine Goosegrass, Coachweed, Catchweed, Stickywilly
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fornax
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Coffee;  Tea.

The tender young shoot tips - raw or cooked as a pot-herb[5, 7, 53, 55, 62, 172, 183]. A rather bitter flavour that some people find unpalatable[244], they are best used in the spring[178]. They make a useful addition to vegetable soups[7, 244]. It is said that using this plant as a vegetable has a slimming effect on the body[238]. The roasted seed is a coffee substitute[2, 53, 62]. One of the best substitutes, it merely needs to be dried and lightly roasted and has much the flavour of coffee[4, 115, 183]. A decoction of the whole dried plant gives a drink equal to tea[2, 4].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Alterative;  Antiphlogistic;  Aperient;  Astringent;  Cancer;  Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Homeopathy;  Skin;  
Tonic;  Vulnerary.

Goosegrass has a long history of domestic medicinal use and is also used widely by modern herbalists. A valuable diuretic, it is often taken to treat skin problems such as seborrhoea, eczema and psoriasis, and as a general detoxifying agent in serious illnesses such as cancer[254]. The whole plant, excluding the root, is alterative, antiphlogistic, aperient, astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, tonic and vulnerary[4, 7, 9, 21, 165, 218, 222]. It is harvested in May and June as it comes into flower and can be used fresh or dried for later use[4, 238]. It is used both internally and externally in the treatment of a wide range of ailments, including as a poultice for wounds, ulcers and many other skin problems[4, 7, 244], and as a decoction for insomnia and cases where a strong diuretic is beneficial[4]. It has been shown of benefit in the treatment of glandular fever, ME, tonsillitis, hepatitis, cystitis etc[238]. The plant is often used as part of a spring tonic drink with other herbs[4]. A tea made from the plant has traditionally been used internally and externally in the treatment of cancer[4, 218, 222]. One report says that it is better to use a juice of the plant rather than a tea[254]. The effectiveness of this treatment has never been proved or disproved[7]. A number of species in this genus contain asperuloside, a substance that produces coumarin and gives the scent of new-mown hay as the plant dries[238]. Asperuloside can be converted into prostaglandins (hormone-like compounds that stimulate the uterus and affect blood vessels), making the genus of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry[238]. A homeopathic remedy has been made from the plant[7].
Other Uses
Cleanser;  Dye;  Filter;  Tinder.

A red dye is obtained from a decoction of the root[4, 7, 168]. When ingested it can dye the bones red[4]. The dried plant is used as a tinder[99]. The plant can be rubbed on the hands to remove pitch (tar)[99]. The stems are placed in a layer 8cm or more thick and then used as a sieve for filtering liquids[4, 115, 172].
Cultivation details                                         
Prefers a loose moist leafy soil in some shade[200]. Plants tolerate dry soils, but they quickly become scorched when growing in full sun[200]. They do not thrive in a hot climate[200]. Another report says that plants succeed in most soils in full sun or heavy shade. A scrambling plant, the stems and leaves are covered with little hooked bristles by which it can adhere to other plants and climb into them[4]. A good species to grow in the wild garden, it provides food for the larvae of many butterfly species[30].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown in situ as soon as the seed is ripe in late summer[200]. The seed can also be sown in spring though it may be very slow to germinate[200]. Once established, this plant does not really need any help to reproduce itself.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Galium borealeNorthern Bedstraw22
Galium gracile 12
Galium mollugoHedge Bedstraw, False baby's breath12
Galium odoratumSweet Woodruff, Sweetscented bedstraw, Bedstraw33
Galium spuriumFalse Cleavers12
Galium tinctoriumThreepetal Bedstraw01
Galium triflorumFragrant Bedstraw12
Galium verumLady's Bedstraw, Yellow Spring bedstraw, Wirtgen's bedstraw32
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
17
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Amanda R.
Nov 9 2010 12:00AM
In Kent (UK), this plant comes up in spring and dies down in the summer. It then comes up again in the autumn and dies down in the winter. We use the young plant (10 cm high) in salads and make teas from the older plant. When we let it mature, it smothers everything in sight but is easy to pull up so isn't really a problem.
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