homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Galega officinalis - L.
                 
Common Name Goat's Rue, Professor-weed
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards A few reports exist, none of them in Britain, of toxicity to mammals[76], though the plant is often fed to cows and goats in order to increase their milk yield[238].
Habitats Scrub, woods, marshy fields and roadsides[187].
Range S. Europe to W. Asia. Naturalized in S. Britain.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Galega officinalis Goat


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Galega_officinalis1.jpg
Galega officinalis Goat
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilisateur:Spedona
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Galega officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen in August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
G. bicolor. G. persica. G. tricolor.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Meadow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses: Curdling agent.

Leaves - cooked[2]. Used like spinach[177, 183]. Some caution is advised due to reports of possible toxicity. The herb is used as a substitute for rennet in curdling plant milks etc[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Galactogogue;  Hypoglycaemic.

Goat's rue was once important in the treatment of plague, fevers and infectious diseases[238]. It is still used in modern herbalism, though mainly for its effect in promoting milk-flow in lactating mothers (it has been shown to increase the flow of milk in cows and goats by 35 - 50%[4, 7, 238]) and for its positive effect on the digestive system[238]. The plant contains galegine, an alkaloid that strongly reduces blood sugar levels which make it useful in the treatment of diabetes[254]. The leaves and flowering tops are diaphoretic, diuretic, galactogogue and hypoglycaemic[4, 7, 21, 165]. It has also been used in the treatment of fevers[4, 7]. It is taken internally to treat insufficient lactation, late-onset diabetes, pancreatitis and digestive problems, especially chronic constipation caused by a lack of digestive enzymes[238]. The plant is harvested as it is just coming into flower and is dried for later use[4]. Some caution is advised, see notes above on toxicity.
Other Uses
Cosmetic;  Green manure.

A fast-growing plant, it makes a good green manure crop, enriching the soil with organic matter and also fixing atmospheric nitrogen[7]. The plant is used cosmetically in hand and foot bathes[7].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils but repays generous treatment[1, 200]. Prefers full sun and a deep moist soil[1, 4] but it also succeeds in light shade[200]. Grows well even in poor soils[233]. Plants are very tolerant of neglect and can be grown in quite coarse grass, which can be cut annually in the autumn[233, 238]. A long-lived plant[1], it can be invasive in good growing conditions[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Propagation
Seed - pre-soak for 12 hours in warm water and then sow the seed in spring or autumn in a cold frame[111, 200]. Spring-sown seed can be slow to germinate, a period of cold stratification may improve the germination time. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer. If you have sufficient seed, then it is possible to sow outdoors in situ in mid to late spring. Division in spring or autumn[111]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Andrei Gamulea Sun Nov 5 2006

AMN ROMANIA Roumanian national association for Unconventional medicine

Elizabeth H.
lorene Thu Nov 15 2007
I am trying to find out which part of Galega officinalis is used to lower blood sugar levels. I have heard legume, and I have heard root - do you have accurate references on this? Many thanks

C. Floyd herbal consultant

Elizabeth H.
Nevena Noveski Sun May 31 2009
Some commertial instant teas contain Galega officinalis and are recomanded to increase lactation. Is it safe to use this plant during lactation,is there a possibility of unwanted toxic effects to a child?
Elizabeth H.
Angel Demetrio Sun Sep 20 2009
Can I find this plant GALEGA in VENEZUELA would it grow here? I am diabetic. THANK YOU. GBY
Lily D.
Nov 29 2010 12:00AM
I grew this plant in Ohio, USA this year. Planted two plants and got a huge volume of biomass. produced lots of seeds, is on the invasive list in America. Another N2 fixer that gets the bad wrap so that more roundup and synthetic fertilizer can be sold. Does a good job of self mulching and is still growing in late November despite several hard frosts. Was cut back and still got to be huge volumes of biomass. It is a part of my paw paw (Asimina triloba) guild with Sunchoke, horseradish, echinecea, comfrey, and mint.
Rudy V.
Feb 8 2014 12:00AM
I would like to find a text or link in which the use of Galega officinalis would be good for the heart. I wonder if this herb, or the dried root of it, can be applied for the pancreas and spleen working, mucus problems (due to dairy?), heart problems because of too much (hard) mucus.
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Galega officinalis  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email newsletter. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.