homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Fraxinus americana - L.
                 
Common Name White Ash
Family Oleaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich upland to lowland woods[43, 82]. Usually found in association with other hardwood trees in well-drained soils on slopes[227].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Nebraska and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Pyramidal, Rounded.

Fraxinus americana White Ash


Fraxinus americana White Ash
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Fraxinus americana is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
F. acuminata. F. alba. F. juglandifolia.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Drink.

A bitter tasting syrup is drawn from the tree[226]. The report gives no more details and does not directly say that the syrup was used as food. It was quite possibly only used medicinally[K].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Aphrodisiac;  Astringent;  Bitter;  Stings;  Tonic.

The bark is astringent, emmenagogue and a bitter tonic[46, 61, 254, 257]. An infusion is used to promote menstruation[257]. It has also been used as a wash to treat skin sores, itches and vermin on the scalp[213, 257]. The inner bark is diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and strongly laxative[222]. It is used as a tea to remove bile from the intestines, as a tonic after childbirth and to relieve stomach cramps and fevers[222, 257]. It is chewed and applied as a poultice to sores[222]. The leaves are used to soothe the itching caused by mosquito bites and bee stings[229]. The seeds are thought to be aphrodisiac[222].
Other Uses
Dye;  Repellent;  Shelterbelt;  Wood.

The leaves are said to repel rattlesnakes and have been worn on the feet of people travelling in rattlesnake country[213]. There are some doubts over the efficacy of this[213]. A yellow dye is obtained from the bark[226]. Wood - strong, hard, heavy, tough, elastic, close grained, moderately durable[46, 82, 227]. It weighs 41lb per cubic foot, seasons well, takes a good polish and is shock resistant[227]. One of the most valuable of the North American timbers[82, 226], it is much used for tool handles, hockey sticks, baseball bats, the interior of buildings, musical instruments, furniture, woodenware etc[46, 82, 227, 274]. As a fuel it is comparable in quality to such excellent species as oak (Quercus spp) and hickory (Carya spp)[226].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Firewood, Aggressive surface roots possible, Pollard, Street tree. Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[1, 200]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[200]. Succeeds in exposed positions[200] and in alkaline soils[11]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. Young plants tolerate forest shade[226]. One of the most valuable hardwood timber trees in N. America[226], saplings grow slowly at first, but the growth rate speeds up over the next 50 years[229]. This species is planted on a small scale, mainly in E. Europe, as a timber tree[50]. It has the potential as a forestry tree in Britain, succeeding under conditions that are too dry or frosty for the native ash, F. excelsior[11]. A very ornamental tree[1], it is often confused in cultivation with F. pennsylvanica[50]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. Male trees usually flower heavily each year, but female trees only flower heavily every 2 - 3 years[229]. Special Features: North American native, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[80]. It usually germinates in the spring[80]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[200]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Fraxinus angustifoliaNarrow-Leaved Ash10
Fraxinus bungeanaXiao Ye Qin02
Fraxinus chinensis rhynchophyllaHua Qu Liu02
Fraxinus excelsiorAsh, European ash, Common Ash22
Fraxinus floribundaHimalayan Ash22
Fraxinus hookeri 00
Fraxinus latifoliaOregon Ash01
Fraxinus longicuspis 01
Fraxinus nigraBlack Ash01
Fraxinus ornusManna Ash, Flowering ash33
Fraxinus pennsylvanicaRed Ash, Green ash, Water Ash11
Fraxinus quadrangulataBlue Ash00
Fraxinus sieboldianaAsh00
Fraxinus texensisTexas White Ash00
Fraxinus velutinaArizona Ash, Velvet ash, Modesto Ash, Fantex Ash00
Fraxinus xanthoxyloides 00
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
swapneil ranade Wed Nov 11 2009
this is a very good medicine for uterine fibroid tumors when taken in mot her tincure form 10 drops three times a day
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Fraxinus americana  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.