homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Firmiana simplex - (L.)W.Wight.
                 
Common Name Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese Parasol Tree
Family Sterculiaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Along the sides of roads at low altitudes[109].
Range E. Asia - China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Oval, Upright or erect.

Firmiana simplex Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese  Parasol Tree


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Firmiana simplex Chinese Parasol Tree, Chinese parasoltree, Japanese Varnish Tree, Chinese  Parasol Tree
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cillas
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Firmiana simplex is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in flower in July. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
F. platinifolia. Hibiscus simplex. Sterculia mariesii. S. platinifolia.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - roasted[105, 177]. An oily texture[178].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiphlogistic;  Astringent;  Expectorant;  Refrigerant;  Salve.

Astringent, salve[178]. The seed is antiphlogistic, expectorant and refrigerant[218]. A decoction of the roots is used to reduce swellings[218]. A lotion of the leaves is used in the treatment of carbuncles, haemorrhoids and sores[218].
Other Uses
Fibre;  Hair;  Wood.

A fibre is obtained by retting the bark[46, 61]. It is used for coarse cordage[109] and cloth[178]. A hair wash is made from the leaves and fibre[178]. Wood. Used for making furniture and coffins[46, 61, 178].
Cultivation details
Industrial Crop: Fiber;  Industrial Crop: Gum;  Management: Standard;  Regional Crop.

Landscape Uses:Pest tolerant, Pollard, Specimen. Prefers a good sandy loam[1]. Requires a well-drained but moisture-retentive fertile soil in full sun or light shade[188]. Plants are not very hardy in Britain, they succeed outdoors in the mildest parts of the country[11, 166], though they do not reach tree-size[188]. Trees cast a heavy shade[178]. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a warm greenhouse[200]. The stored seed can be sown in the early spring in a greenhouse[1] and usually germinates within 2 months[K]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Consider giving the plants some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
(L.)W.Wight.
Botanical References
11109200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Taylor A. Oncale Mon Nov 14 2005
Grows very nicely in Raleigh NC.
Elizabeth H.
Debbie the gardener Fri Dec 8 2006
We have one growing here in somerset, england. Its about 10 years old, multi-stemmed,8 feet tall and perfectly healthy. At present we wrap it every winter for fear of losing it to frost but will have to leave it to its fate once it gets much bigger. Lovely looking tree though and worth having.
Rob G.
Aug 28 2014 12:00AM
As an ornamental plant it has been superb for me. They grow fast and strait and provide a good bit of shade. They transplant very easily. I dug up some trees that were over 20' tall with few roots and they transplanted easily (but I had to put heavy logs around the base to hold the trees in place until new roots had established. They breezed through an abnormally cold winter that got down somewhere between -1ºF and -4ºF with no damage. I live in a hot, humid area that gets lots of rain. Trees thrive in full sun or dense shade.
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Firmiana simplex  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.