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Ferula gummosa - Boiss.
                 
Common Name Galbanum
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Herbaceous slopes in steppes[74].
Range W. Asia - Central Iran, Turkey and southern Russia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Ferula gummosa Galbanum


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/81/Koeh-205.jpg
Ferula gummosa Galbanum
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Ferula gummosa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Jun to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
F. galbaniflua. Bioss.&Buhse.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

The gum resin obtained from the root is used as a celery-like food flavouring[177, 238].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Expectorant;  Stimulant.

The whole plant, but especially the root, contains the gum resin 'galbanum'[4]. This is antispasmodic, carminative, expectorant and stimulant[4, 46, 64, 238]. It is used internally in the treatment of chronic bronchitis, asthma and other chest complaints[4, 238]. It is a digestive stimulant and antispasmodic, reducing flatulence, griping pains and colic[254]. Externally it is used as a plaster for inflammatory swellings, ulcers, boils, wounds and skin complaints[4, 238].
Other Uses
The aromatic gum resin 'Galbanum' is obtained from wounds made in the stem[4]. It is collected by removing soil from around the top of the root and then cutting a slice off the root[64, 238] and can also be obtained from incisions made in the stem[238]. It is used medicinally and is also an ingredient of incense[1, 64, 171, 238]. It was an important ingredient of the incense used by the Israelites[268].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils[1]. Requires a deep fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. Another report says that it tolerates temperatures down to at least -15°c and should therefore succeed outdoors in most parts of the country[238]. Plants are intolerant of root disturbance due to their long taproot[200]. They should be planted into their final positions as soon as possible. The flowers have an unpleasant smell[245].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as the seed is ripe in a greenhouse in autumn[1]. Otherwise sow in April in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Plant them out into their permanent positions whilst still small because the plants dislike root disturbance[1]. Give the plants a protective mulch for at least their first winter outdoors. Division in autumn. This may be inadvisable due to the plants dislike of root disturbance.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
Boiss.
Botanical References
74200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Dr. Behboodi Mon Feb 26 2007
I think F.Gummosa is a endemic plant of Iran ( Lar valley). I am interested of biology of this plant, and germination of seeds.Would you please let me know about this subject?
jose W.
Feb 3 2016 12:00AM
Other common names are: Galbano [spanish]. Férule gommeuse, galbanum [french]. Galbanum, galbanum gum, giant fennel, persian galbanum, galbanum resin, galbanum plant [english]. Barijeh [iranian].
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Subject : Ferula gummosa  

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