homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Euphorbia antisyphilitica - Zucc.
                 
Common Name Candelilla
Family Euphorbiaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature[214].
Habitats Deserts.
Range Southern N. America - Texas to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Miwasatoshi
Euphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ies
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Euphorbia antisyphilitica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
E. cerifera.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Gum.

A wax from the plant can be used to make chewing gum[46, 61].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Gum;  Wax.

A wax is obtained from the whole plant and is used as a polish, water proofer, for making records, lighting etc[21, 46, 57, 61]. The wax exudes from the plant pores and forms a thin skin on the stems. Most is produced in the winter and it is extracted by boiling up the plant[171].
Cultivation details
Experimental Crop;  Industrial Crop: Wax;  Management: Coppice.

Prefers a light well-drained moderately rich loam in an open position[200]. Requires ample water in the growing season but very dry conditions in the winter[1]. We are not sure if his plant can be grown outdoors in Britain[K], one report says that this plant is hardy to zone 8 (which experiences temperatures down to -5°c)[200]. Another report says that minimum winter temperatures of 8 - 10°c are ample for the plant to survive[1]. Hybridizes with other members of this genus[200]. The ripe seed is released explosively from the seed capsules[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer and rabbits[233]. This genus has been singled out as a potential source of latex (for making rubber) for the temperate zone, although no individual species has been singled out[141].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings can be taken throughout the growing season. Leave them to dry and callus for 2 weeks before potting them up[1].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Acalypha australisAsian copperleaf01
Alchornea castaneifoliaIporuru04
Alchornea cordifoliaChristmas Bush24
Aleurites cordataJapan Wood-Oil Tree00
Aleurites fordiiTung Tree, Tung Oil Tree, Wood Oil Tree China13
Aleurites moluccanusCandle Nut, Country Walnut33
Chrozophora tinctoriaDyer's Croton, Giradol10
Cnidoscolus aconitifoliusTree Spinach, Tread Softly, Cabbage Star, Chaya43
Croton lechleriSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Croton megalocarpusCroton tree02
Croton palanostigmaSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Croton salutarisSangre De Grado, Dragon's blood04
Euphorbia corollataWild Spurge, Flowering spurge02
Euphorbia drummondiiCaustic Weed01
Euphorbia helioscopiaMadwoman's Milk12
Euphorbia hirtaAsthma Weed, Pill-Bearing Spurge13
Euphorbia humifusa 12
Euphorbia ipecacuanhaeAmerican Ipec01
Euphorbia lathyrisCaper Spurge, Moleplant12
Euphorbia marginataMountain Snow, Ghost Spurge, Ghost Weed11
Euphorbia pekinensisDa Ji03
Euphorbia serpyllifoliaThymeleaf Sandmat22
Euphorbia sieboldiana 12
Euphorbia tetragonaNaboom11
Euphorbia thomsoniana 01
Euphorbia tirucalliAfrican Milkbush, Pencil Cactus, Milk Bush02
Glochidion eriocarpum 02
Glochidion puberumNeedlebush02
Hevea benthamianaHevea30
12
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
Zucc.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Thu Jul 28 17:29:15 2005
It would be nice if you had a picture on the web site.
Elizabeth H.
PerU Sun Nov 27 2005
am wondering about the Euphorbia Cerifera listed as an ingredient in "Design Line Stick Wax (hair) Texturizer" (a hair sculpting product). Are the carcinogens in the sap removed when the wax is refined ? Have heard that the milky sap from Euphorbia cactus can blind you if it gets in your eyes ? Is it a bad idea to use this product on my hair ? Or do you know if it is considered safe ? thank you PerU Punti@mindspring.com
Elizabeth H.
Josephine Geregory Fri Dec 12 2008
In September I got the milky sap on to my skin and within an hour I had a large blister on my thumb. This appears to be going but the starts up again, goes red and when touched, pops and outs comes this gloopy looking stuff resembling u-hoo glue. I am worried that it is getting into my system? Can you give me an answer to my question. Thank you.

Euphorbia

Elizabeth H.
david n Sun Dec 14 2008
I'd see a doctor.
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Euphorbia antisyphilitica  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.