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Erythronium californicum - Purdy.
                 
Common Name Fawn Lily, California fawnlily
Family Liliaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, the following notes have been seen for another member of this genus and so some caution is advised. Skin contact with the bulbs has been known to cause dermatitis in sensitive people[65].
Habitats Openings on brushy slopes and in woods, to 1000 metres[71].
Range South-western N. America - California.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade

Summary

Erythronium californicum Fawn Lily, California fawnlily


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
Erythronium californicum Fawn Lily, California fawnlily
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of bulb
Erythronium californicum is a BULB growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

The following use has been noted for the closely related E. origonum and probably also applies to this species[K], which has a corm 35 - 50mm long[71]:- Bulb - raw, cooked or dried for later use[183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers slightly acid soil conditions but succeeds in chalky soils if these contain plenty of humus[164]. Requires semi-shade, preferably provided by trees or shrubs, and a well-drained soil[42, 164]. Succeeds in almost any light soil, preferring one that is rich in humus[1]. This species is hardy to at least -15°c[200]. Plants are growing and spreading well in the light shade of a woodland garden at Kew[K]. There are some named varieties selected for their ornamental value, though some of these are also more valuable as food plants since they spread well in Britain[258]. Bulbs should be planted about 7cm deep[1]. Closely related to E. helenae, E. origonum, E. citrinum and E. howellii[207].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a cold frame. Water lightly in summer, it should germinate in autumn or winter[164, 200]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification[164]. Sow as early in spring as possible in a cold frame. Sow the seed thinly so that it will not be necessary to prick them out for their first year of growth. Give an occasional liquid feed to the seedlings to make sure that they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants are dormant, pot up the small bulbs putting 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse for another 2 3 years and then plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant in late summer. Division of the bulbs in the summer as the leaves die down[1]. Larger bulbs can be replanted immediately into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on in a shady position in a greenhouse for a year before planting them out when dormant in late summer.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Erythronium albidumWhite Trout-Lily, White fawnlily30
Erythronium albidum mesochoreumPrairie Trout Lily30
Erythronium americanumTrout Lily, Dogtooth violet41
Erythronium citrinumPale Fawn Lily, Cream fawnlily, Roderick's fawnlily20
Erythronium dens-canisDog's-Tooth Violet30
Erythronium grandiflorumAvalanche Lily, Yellow avalanche-lily31
Erythronium helenaeMt. St. Helena Fawm Lily, Pacific fawnlily20
Erythronium hendersoniiHenderson's Fawn Lily20
Erythronium howelliiHowell's Fawn Lily20
Erythronium japonicumKatakuri40
Erythronium montanumAvelanche Lily, White avalanche-lily20
Erythronium multiscapideumAdderstongue20
Erythronium oregonumGiant White Fawnlily21
Erythronium purpurascensAvelanche Lily, Purple fawnlily20
Erythronium revolutumPink Fawn Lily, Mahogany fawnlily30
Erythronium tuolumnenseTuolumne Fawn Lily, Dog's Tooth Violet, Pagoda Lily20
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Expert comment
 
Author
Purdy.
Botanical References
71200270
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Mark Fonds. Texel, Netherlands Fri Jun 15 2007
Cross fertilization between "pagoda"and E. tuolumnense does not succeed, whereas cross fertilization between "pagoda" and E.californicum "white Beauty" results in proper seed formation. Therefore I think that E.tuolumnense is not involved as parent of the hybrid "pagoda".
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Subject : Erythronium californicum  

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