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Ephedra nevadensis - S.Watson.                
                 
Common Name Mormon Tea, Nevada jointfir
Family Ephedraceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry, rocky slopes and hills, rarely in sandy flat areas, at elevtions of 700 - 1900 metres[270].
Range South-western N. America - Arizna, California, Nevada, Oregon and Utah.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of shrub
Ephedra nevadensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to June. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
Ephedra nevadensis Mormon Tea, Nevada jointfir


http://flickr.com/photos/16921893%40N00/
Ephedra nevadensis Mormon Tea, Nevada jointfir
http://www.flickr.com/people/38213125@N00
   
Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw. A sweet but very mild flavour[K]. Seed - cooked[22, 46, 105, 161, 257]. A bitter taste[92]. It can be roasted and ground into a powder and used to make a bread or mush[183]. A delicious tea is made by steeping the green or dried twigs in boiling water until they turn an amber or pink colour[21, 92, 95, 105, 161, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Blood purifier;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Poultice;  Tonic;  VD.

The stems are blood purifier, diuretic, febrifuge and tonic[22, 46, 61, 257]. They are beneficial in the treatment of urogenital complaints[22, 46, 61]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of kidney problems, gonorrhoea and the first stages of syphilis[257]. A poultice of the powdered stems has been applied to sores[257]. The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system[K]. The whole plant can be used at much lower concentrations than the isolated constituents - unlike using the isolated ephedrine, using the whole plant rarely gives rise to side-effects[254]. Ephedra does not cure asthma but in many cases it is very effective in treating the symptoms and thus making life somewhat easier for the sufferer. The stems can be used fresh or dried and are usually made into a tea, though they can also be eaten raw[K]. The young stems are best if eating them raw, though older stems can be used if a tea is made[K]. The stems can be harvested at any time of the year and are dried for later use[238].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Requires a well-drained loamy soil and a sunny position[1, 11]. Established plants are drought resistant and are also lime tolerant[200]. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse[200]. It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in the spring or early summer after the last expected frosts and give some protection in their first winter[K]. Division in spring or autumn[238]. Layering.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ephedra altissimaHigh-climbing jointfir13
Ephedra americana andina 23
Ephedra ciliata 13
Ephedra distachyaSea Grape, Jointfir24
Ephedra equisetinaMuzei Ma Huang, Ma huang14
Ephedra fragilis 24
Ephedra gerardianaMa Huang, Gerard jointfir24
Ephedra intermediaZhong Ma Huang14
Ephedra majorMa Huang14
Ephedra pachyclada 23
Ephedra sinicaMa Huang, Chinese ephedra14
Ephedra torreyanaMexican Tea, Torrey's jointfir23
Ephedra triandra 13
Ephedra trifurcaLongleaf Jointfir12
Ephedra viridisMormon Tea, Brigham Tea, Long Leaf Ephedra, Mountain Joint Fir, Mormon Tea, Ephedra23
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
S.Watson.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
171270
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Ephedra nevadensis  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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