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Elaeagnus parvifolia - Royle.
                 
Common Name Autumn olive
Family Elaeagnaceae
USDA hardiness 3-7
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Shrubberies, 1500 - 3000 metres, from Afghanistan to S.W. China[51]. Forest openings at elevations of 1300 - 3000 metres in Nepal[272].
Range E. Asia - Himalayas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Elaeagnus parvifolia Autumn olive


J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Elaeagnus parvifolia Autumn olive
J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Elaeagnus parvifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Sep to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
E. umbellata parvifolia. (Royle.)Schneid.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw, cooked or added to curries[2, 105, 183]. The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw, if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent - though children seem to love it at the slightly unripe stage[K]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200] and contains a single large seed[K]. Seed - raw or cooked. It can be eaten with the fruit though the seed case is rather fibrous.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Cancer.

The unripe fruit is astringent and is eaten in the treatment of bloody dysentery[272]. The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[214].
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge.

Very tolerant of maritime exposure, it can be grown as an informal hedge in exposed positions[75].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils that are well-drained[11, 200]. Prefers a soil that is only moderately fertile, succeeding in very poor soils and in dry soils[11, 200]. Prefers a light sandy loam and a sunny position[11]. Dislikes shallow chalk soils[98]. Plants are very drought resistant[1] and very tolerant of maritime exposure[75]. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -40°c[200]. Somewhat similar to E. multiflora, but flowering a few weeks later[182]. The flowers are rich in nectar and very aromatic, they are much visited by bees. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[88, 200]. Plants can fruit in 6 years from seed[160]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[160, 200]. An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[78]. It should germinate in late winter or early spring, though it may take 18 months[K]. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate, often taking more than 18 months. A warm stratification for 4 weeks followed by 12 weeks cold stratification can help[98]. The seed usually (eventually) germinates quite well[78]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pot as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when they are at least 15cm tall. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 10 - 12cm with a heel, November in a frame. Leave for 12 months. Fair to good percentage[78]. Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[78].
Other Names
Giwain,
Found In
Asia, Afghanistan, China, Himalayas, India, Nepal,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Elaeagnus angustifoliaOleaster, Russian olive42
Elaeagnus commutataSilverberry32
Elaeagnus cordifolia 52
Elaeagnus formosana 22
Elaeagnus fragrans 22
Elaeagnus glabraGoat nipple42
Elaeagnus gonyanthes 22
Elaeagnus latifoliaBastard Oleaster32
Elaeagnus macrophylla 52
Elaeagnus maritima 22
Elaeagnus montana 22
Elaeagnus multifloraGoumi, Cherry silverberry52
Elaeagnus multiflora ovataGoumi52
Elaeagnus oldhamii 22
Elaeagnus orientalisTrebizond Date42
Elaeagnus pungensElaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent Elaeagnus52
Elaeagnus pyriformis 22
Elaeagnus thunbergii 22
Elaeagnus umbellataAutumn Olive42
Elaeagnus x ebbingeiElaeagnus52
Elaeagnus x reflexa 32
Elaeagnus yoshinoi 22
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Botanical References
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Subject : Elaeagnus parvifolia  

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