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Diospyros digyna - Jacq.
                 
Common Name Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding Tree
Family Ebenaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards The unripe fruit is used as a fish poison[ 418 ].
Habitats Dry or wet mixed forest usually around sea level[ 331 ].
Range Northern S. America - Colombia, north through Central America to Guatemala.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Black sapote or Diospyros digyna is a tropical fruit tree native to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and Colombia. It is also known as chocolate pudding fruit, chocolate persimmon, and zapote prieto. It is evergreen that can grow up to 25 m in height with trunk diameter of up to 45 cm. It has a rounded crown, black bark, and glossy, dark green leaves. Its fruit is consumed raw when fully ripe and/or cooked. Its flesh is dark chocolate brown to black in colour but somewhat sweet and rich in flavour. Immature fruits can also be eaten as vegetable when boiled. Bark and leaves are used medicinally in the treatment of fever and various skin conditions. Though not commonly used, the wood of black sapote is suitable for cabinet work.

Diospyros digyna Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding Tree


International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Diospyros digyna Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding Tree
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Diospyros digyna is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Diospyros ebenaster Hiern Non Retz. Diospyros nigra (J.F.Gmelin.) Perrottet.

Habitats
Edible Uses
Fruit - raw or cooked[ 296 ]. Bitter and astringent when unripe, it should not be eaten until it is fully ripe and soft[ 303 , 331 ]. Soft, rich, dark chocolate brown in colour and somewhat sweet[ 301 ]. The black mushy flesh is repulsive in appearance, reminding one of dirty axle grease[ 331 ]. Rather bland, the fruit is best mashed with a little orange, lemon or lime juice and chilled before serving[ 296 , 301 ]. The immature fruit can be boiled and used as a vegetable[ 296 ]. The fruit is rather boring on its own, but delicious when used in smoothies, jams etc[ 296 ]. The dark olive-green fruit is a flattened globose to slightly lobed berry, 5 - 15cm in diameter[ 303 ]. The fruit turns a duller colour when ripe and the persistent calyx at the base, which is pressed against the developing fruit, becomes reflexed. At this stage the fruits are still firm. They soften 3 - 14 days after harvesting, individual fruits ripening suddenly and unpredictably within 24 hours[ 303 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



Various preparations of bark and leaves have been used medicinally against fever and skin disease[ 303 ].
Other Uses
Other Uses: The wood is yellowish to deep-yellow with black markings near the heart of old trunks; it is compact and suitable for cabinetwork, but is little used[ 303 ]. The wood is reported to have the qualities of typical ebony[ 331 ].
Cultivation details
A plant of the moist tropics and subtropics. It can be grown at elevations up to 2,000 metres, but does best below 600 metres[ 303 ]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 27?c, but can tolerate 12 - 34?c[ 418 ]. Mature plants can be killed by temperatures of -2?c or lower, whilst young growth will be severely damaged at 0?c[ 418 ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,200 - 1,600mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 2,400mm[ 418 ]. Prefers a sunny position, tolerating some shade[ 418 ]. The tree adapts to different soil types and survives flooding, but it is rather sensitive to drought, requiring abundant irrigation in dry areas[ 303 ]. Plants are well adapted to calcareous soils[ 335 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7, tolerating 5.5 - 7.5[ 418 ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[ 899 ]. Although dioecious, solitary planted female plants have been observed to produce seedless fruits in the absence of a male, and on rare occasions have produced fruit with fertile seeds[ 899 ]. Seedling trees commence bearing fruit when 5 - 6 years old, whilst grafted specimens can fruit when 2 - 3 years old[ 335 ]. Flowers are borne on the new shoots; hence the crop cycle is linked to flushing[ 303 ]. Some trees bear flowers that are self-incompatible, so it is not advisable to plant a solitary tree[ 303 ]. Fruit on cultivated trees is often seedless or nearly so[ 303 ]. Black persimmon is said to have 4 times the vitamin C content of sweet, and to be a good source of calcium and phosphorus. Response to the taste varies greatly between people, and the dark chocolate colour of the pulp is considered to be unattractive. Nevertheless, because the tree is robust, well-adapted to the tropics, and heavy-bearing, a close re-examination of its potential is merited[ 303 ]. There are some named varieties[ 301 ]. We have seen no individual confirmation for this species, but in general Diospyros species are dioecious and require both male and female forms to be grown if fruit and seed are required[ 899 ]. Flowering time: Mid Spring.
Propagation
Seed - commonly propagated from seed, which remains viable for several months if stored dry[ 303 ]. Seeds germinate in about 30 days[ 303 ]. As a rule fresh seeds have a high percentage of fertility. The seedlings develop long taproots at an early stage, often before any appreciable elongation of the shoot takes place. The growth of the seedling is decidedly slow [ 652 ]. Budding or grafting on seedling rootstocks is the way to propagate seedless types[ 303 ].

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Other Names
Black Sapote, Chocolate Pudding Tree, Black Persimmon, Axle Grease Plant, Caca-poule, Chocolate pudding fruit, Ebano, Ebano, Guayabote, Mueque, Sapote negro, Tauch, Zapote negro, Zapote prieto, barbaquois black persimmon black sapote ebenholzbaum sapote negro schwarze sapote svart sapote zapote negro
Found In
Africa, Asia, Australia, Belize, Brazil, Caribbean, Central America*, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Indonesia, Mauritius, Mexico*, Nicaragua, North America, Pacific, Panama, Philippines, Puerto Rico, SE Asia, Singapore, South America, USA, West Indies,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Diospyros celebicaIndonesian Ebony, black ebony, makassar-ebenholts20
Diospyros conzattiiZapote negro mont's, zapotillo.40
Diospyros crassifloraBenin Ebony02
Diospyros ebenumEbony, Ceylon Ebony, Mauritius Ebony, Ebony Persimmon12
Diospyros kakiPersimmon, Japanese persimmon43
Diospyros lotusDate Plum51
Diospyros malabaricaIndian Persimmon, Gaub, Timbiri, Mountain ebony13
Diospyros mespiliformisWest African Ebony, Monkey guava, jackalberry43
Diospyros munMun Ebony, Vietnamese Ebony00
Diospyros quaesitaCalamander, kalu mediriya02
Diospyros tessellariaBlack ebony, Mauritian ebony20
Diospyros texanumBlack Persimmon20
Diospyros virginianaAmerican Persimmon, Common persimmon, Persimmon51
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