homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Dalbergia nigra - (Vell.) Allem?o ex Benth.
                 
Common Name Brazilian Rosewood
Family Fabaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hygrophilous forest on rich soils[ 338 ]. Well-drained soils on hillsides, both in the interior of dense, primary forests and also in secondary growth areas of the Atlantic rainforest[ 419 ].
Range S. America - Brazil.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
Other common names are Bahia Rosewood, Jacaranda da Bahia, Rio Rosewood, Piano wood, Cabiuna, and Obuina. Found in South America, Brazilian Rosewood or Dalbergia nigra is a popular timber species used in high grade furniture and musical instruments especially pianos. It can also be used as ornamental tree and as pioneer species in restoring agroforestry. It is highly resistant to insect attacks. The wood is rose-scented, very heavy, and highly durable. It is considered as vulnerable species on the international IUCN Red List.

Dalbergia nigra Brazilian Rosewood


International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Dalbergia nigra Brazilian Rosewood
https://botanicimage.com/
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Dalbergia nigra is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. and are pollinated by Insects.It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
Amerimnon nigrum (Vell.) Kuntze Pterocarpus niger Vell.

Habitats
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Agroforestry Uses: Although fairly slow growing, the tree is suitable for use in reforestation programmes within its native range, and is especially suited for use where the soil is dry[ 419 ]. Other Uses: A very decorative and valuable wood that varies in colour from brown to chocolate brown or violet, streaked with black[ 46 ]. It is rose-scented; straight grained; medium texture; very heavy; of high natural durability and has excellent working qualities[ 46 ]. It is used for cabinet work, is particularly valued for pianos, luxury furniture, handles of fine tools, marquetry, billiard tables etc[ 46 , 419 ].
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position[ 419 ]. Succeeds in dry soils[ 419 ]. Established plants are drought tolerant[ 419 ]. The plant has a moderate rate of growth[ 419 ]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ 755 ].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a semi-shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 80% can be expected, with the seeds sprouting within 10 - 20 days[ 419 ]. Seedlings develop slowly, but should be ready to plant out within 6 - 7 months[ 419 ]. Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[ K ].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
bahia rosewood, brazilian rosewood, cabiúna-rajada, caviúna, jacaranda, jacarandá-cabiúna, jacarandá-caviúna, jacarandá-da-bahia, jacarandá-preto, jacarandá-roxo, jacarandá-una, palisandre, palisandro del brazil, rio rosewood, rosewood (brazilian)
Found In
Brazil
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Vulnerable A1cd
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Dalbergia baroniiPalissandre rouge des marais, hitsika, sovodrano00
Dalbergia cochinchinensisSiam Rosewood, Thailand Rosewood00
Dalbergia greveanaMadagascar Rosewood02
Dalbergia hupeana 11
Dalbergia latifoliaBlack Rosewood, East Indian Rosewood, Kala sheeshan, Satisal02
Dalbergia louveliiAndramena, Volombodipona, Violet rosewood02
Dalbergia melanoxylonAfrican Blackwood, Grenadilla, Mpingo02
Dalbergia monticolaHazovola, tsiandalana, voamboana00
Dalbergia oliveriRedwood00
Dalbergia retusaCocobolo00
Dalbergia stevensoniiHonduras Rosewood00
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
(Vell.) Allem?o ex Benth.
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
 
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Dalbergia nigra  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.