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Corydalis solida - (L.)Clairv.
                 
Common Name Fumewort, Spring fumewort
Family Papaveraceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards The plant is poisonous[19, 65].
Habitats Woods, hedgerows[9], meadows, orchards and vineyards[13], usually on stony soils, avoiding calcareous soils[90].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade

Summary

Corydalis solida Fumewort, Spring fumewort


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Corydalis_solida_Sturm44.jpg
Corydalis solida Fumewort, Spring fumewort
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BerndHCorydalis ternata
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Corydalis solida is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 7-Mar It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
C. bulbosa. C. halleri.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - boiled[46, 61, 105, 115]. Rich in starch[2]. Some caution is advised, there is a report that the plant is toxic.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antibacterial;  Antispasmodic;  Hallucinogenic;  Nervine;  Sedative.

Fumewort has been used as a painkiller in Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years[238]. The tuber is anodyne, antibacterial, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, nervine and sedative[9, 13, 238]. It is used internally as a sedative for insomnia and as a stimulant and painkiller, especially in painful menstruation, traumatic injury and lumbago[238]. It is also used for lowering the blood pressure[9, 13]. Research suggests that it also has an action in the thyroid and adrenal cortex[238]. The tuber should not be prescribed for pregnant women[238]. The tubers are harvested when the plant is dormant and are dried for later use[238].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a moist, well-drained rather light soil, thriving in semi-shade. Grows well in a woodland garden or peat bed. Increases well when grown in a bulb frame, but less freely when grown in the garden[90]. A very ornamental[1] and easily grown plant[129]. There are some named varieties[90]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, the seed rapidly loses viability if it is allowed to become dry[129]. Surface sow and keep moist, it usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[164]. Germinates in spring according to another report[129]. Two months warm, then a cold stratification improves the germination of stored seed[134, 164]. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be allowed to grow undisturbed in the pot for their first year. Apply liquid feed at intervals during their growing season to ensure they are well fed. The seedlings only produce one leaf in their first year of growth[175] and are very prone to damping off[129]. Divide the seedlings into individual pots once they have become dormant and grow them on in a partially shaded area of a greenhouse for at least another year. Plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant. Division after flowering.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
(L.)Clairv.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
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Readers comment
 
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Subject : Corydalis solida  

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