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Coronilla varia - L.                
                 
Common Name Crown Vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards The whole plant contains a toxic glycoside called coronillin[9, 13, 19, 65]. It is one of the most toxic plants growing in Britain[9].
Habitats Dry grassy places, railway embankments, roadsides etc[9].
Range Europe. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Pink, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late spring. Form: Spreading or horizontal.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Coronilla varia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to November, and the seeds ripen from Aug to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Coronilla varia Crown Vetch


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cleaned-Illustration_Coronilla_varia.jpg
Coronilla varia Crown Vetch
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Ltshears
   
Habitats       
 Ground Cover;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil.

None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cardiotonic;  Emetic;  Salve.

The whole plant, used either fresh or dried is a cardiotonic[9, 13]. It should be used with extreme caution, see the notes above on toxicity[9]. A decoction of the bark has been used as an emetic[257]. The crushed plant has been rubbed on rheumatic joints and cramps[257].
Other Uses
Insecticide;  Oil;  Soil stabilization.

Can be used as an insecticide[153]. No more details are given. A good ground cover and soil stabilizer for sunny banks and slopes[200, 208]. It grows rampantly and should not be grown with plants less than 1.8 metres tall[208].
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Ground cover. Prefers an open well-drained calcareous soil in a sunny position[1, 13, 111]. Tolerates poor soils[200]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 7.2. A food plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[30]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Invasive, Naturalizing.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe. The seed usually germinates in the autumn. Stored seed can be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then sown in situ in April[111]. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots with a heel, June/July in a frame. Can also be taken in spring[111]. Division in March[111]. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer or following spring.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Coronilla emerusScorpion Senna01
Coronilla scorpioidesAnnual Scorpion Vetch, Yellow crownvetch01
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
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Readers comment                                         
 
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Subject : Coronilla varia  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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