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Cornus iberica - G.Woron.
                 
Common Name
Family Cornaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the following report refers to the closely related C. sanguinea. Contrary to some reports, the fruit is not poisonous, but the leaves can cause skin irritations to sensitive people[65].
Habitats Woody shrubby thickets in the central mountain zone[74].
Range W. Asia - Caucasus
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Cornus iberica


Cornus iberica
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Cornus iberica is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft 1in). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Thelycrania iberica. (G.Woron.)Pojark.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil.

This species has the same uses as the closely related C. sanguinea[74]. These uses are listed below. Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile[115]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200]. An oil is obtained from the seed[2], it is edible when refined[75].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Basketry;  Charcoal;  Dye;  Oil;  Oil;  Wood.

This species has the same uses as the closely related C. sanguinea[74]. These uses are listed below. The seed contains 45% of a non-drying oil[74], it is used in soap making and lighting[7, 13, 100, 115, 177]. A non-drying oil is also obtained from the pericarp, it is used for lighting[74]. The pericarp contains 19 - 35% oil[74]. A greenish-blue dye is obtained from the fruit[13, 74]. The young stems are very flexible and are used in basketry[7, 13, 74, 100]. Wood - tough, hard. Used for small items such as tool handles, turnery etc[11, 61, 115]. A good quality charcoal is obtained from the wood[115], the wood also makes an excellent fuel[115].
Cultivation details
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility[1], ranging from acid to shallow chalk[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[[188]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[164]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[164]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame[188]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[78]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cornus albaTartarian Dogwood00
Cornus alternifoliaGreen Osier, Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate Leaf Dogwood, Golden Shadows Pagoda Dogwood, Green Osi02
Cornus amomumSilky Dogwood12
Cornus asperifolia drummondiiRoughleaf Dogwood00
Cornus australis 10
Cornus canadensisCreeping Dogwood, Bunchberry dogwood, Bunchberry42
Cornus capitataBentham's Cornel41
Cornus chinensis 23
Cornus controversaGiant Dogwood, Wedding Cake Tree,21
Cornus coreana 00
Cornus elliptica 41
Cornus floridaFlowering Dogwood22
Cornus hemsleyi 00
Cornus hongkongensis 10
Cornus kousaJapanese Dogwood, Kousa dogwood, Chinese Dogwood,50
Cornus kousa chinensisJapanese Dogwood50
Cornus macrophyllaLarge-Leaf Dogwood22
Cornus masCornelian Cherry, Cornelian Cherry Dogwood42
Cornus monbeigii 12
Cornus multinervosa 20
Cornus nuttalliiMountain Dogwood, Pacific dogwood, Western Dogwood12
Cornus oblonga 03
Cornus occidentalisWestern Dogwood11
Cornus officinalisShan Zhu Yu, Asiatic dogwood, Japanese Cornel Dogwood43
Cornus poliophylla 12
Cornus quinquenervis 20
Cornus rugosaRound-Leaved Dogwood01
Cornus sanguineaDogwood, Bloodtwig dogwood21
Cornus sericeaRed Osier Dogwood, Western dogwood22
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
G.Woron.
Botanical References
74
Links / References
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Subject : Cornus iberica  

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