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Coriaria ruscifolia - L.
                 
Common Name
Family Coriariaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards All parts of the plant, except the 'fruit' (actually the petals) are highly poisonous[61, 153, 173].
Habitats Not known
Range Southern S. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Coriaria ruscifolia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Franz_Xaver
Coriaria ruscifolia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Hans_Stieglitz
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Coriaria ruscifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or used as a beverage[11, 46, 61, 105, 153]. The pressed fruit yields a very palatable juice, which is drunk raw or fermented into wine[2]. Use with great caution since most parts of the plant, including the seed[173], are very toxic and some reports suggest the fruit should not be used at all[11].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Dye.

A black ink is obtained from the leaves, it can also be used as a dye[46, 139, 153]. The bark can also be used, it is rich in tannin.
Cultivation details
Prefers a fairly good loamy soil in a sunny sheltered position[11, 164, 200. Succeeds in light shade[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it tolerates temperatures down to about -5°c and succeeds outdoors from Sussex and westwards[200]. There is some confusion over the name of this species, some botanists unite this species with the New Zealand C. sarmentosa whilst others maintain that they are distinct[11, 200]. The roots of plants in this genus bear nitrogen-fixing nodules[218]. Whilst much of the nitrogen will be utilized by the growing plant, some of it will become available for other plants growing nearby[K].
Propagation
Seed - sow February/March in a greenhouse[78]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[164]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Fair percentage[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
brad M.
Coriaria Ruscifolia. Toot-berry Tupa-kihi or Tutu (New Zealand). N. O. Coriarieae (between Anacardiaceae and Rutaceae). Tincture or trituration of the berries. Clinical.-Delirium tremens. Mania. Memory lost. Vomiting. Characteristics.-Coriaria produces intoxication very like that of alcohol. Great muscular activity as in acute mania, requiring several persons to hold a person when under the influence of the drug. The most marked feature is complete loss of memory, which ensues after coming out of the acute stage of the poisoning. A prover who ate 1 1/2 gr. of the resin experienced the following: Disagreeable, irritating sensation in throat, extending to stomach, with pain across region of stomach, accompanied by nausea (in five min). In a quarter of an hour vomiting came on, continuing more or less for two hours. Very unpleasant sensations continued for two hours more, when, after great flushing of the face, with all but intolerable heat, the effects passed away. Jan 11 2015 12:00AM
Coriaria Ruscifolia. Toot-berry Tupa-kihi or Tutu (New Zealand). N. O. Coriarieae (between Anacardiaceae and Rutaceae). Tincture or trituration of the berries. Clinical.-Delirium tremens. Mania. Memory lost. Vomiting. Characteristics.-Coriaria produces intoxication very like that of alcohol. Great muscular activity as in acute mania, requiring several persons to hold a person when under the influence of the drug. The most marked feature is complete loss of memory, which ensues after coming out of the acute stage of the poisoning. A prover who ate 1 1/2 gr. of the resin experienced the following: Disagreeable, irritating sensation in throat, extending to stomach, with pain across region of stomach, accompanied by nausea (in five min). In a quarter of an hour vomiting came on, continuing more or less for two hours. Very unpleasant sensations continued for two hours more, when, after great flushing of the face, with all but intolerable heat, the effects passed away.
Materia Medica
brad M.
Corianin (1) and ellagic acid 3,3'-dimethylether (2) were obtained from the methanol extract of powdered fruits of Coriaria ruscifolia. Biological screening of both compounds and of the methanol extract revealed slight antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity. Jan 11 2015 12:00AM
Corianin (1) and ellagic acid 3,3'-dimethylether (2) were obtained from the methanol extract of powdered fruits of Coriaria ruscifolia. Biological screening of both compounds and of the methanol extract revealed slight antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity.
pubmed
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Subject : Coriaria ruscifolia  

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