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Cirsium japonicum - DC.
                 
Common Name No-Azami, Japanese thistle
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sunny slopes in lowlands and foothills, C. and S. Japan[58, 147].
Range E. Asia - Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Cirsium japonicum No-Azami, Japanese thistle


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial
Cirsium japonicum No-Azami, Japanese thistle
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dalgial
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Cirsium japonicum is a BIENNIAL/PERENNIAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Aug to September, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Oil;  Root.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Leaves - cooked[61, 105, 177]. Very palatable in the spring, they are used with the young roots[179].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiinflammatory;  Diuretic;  Haemostatic;  Styptic.

The roots are anti-inflammatory, diuretic and haemostatic[61, 147, 176, 178]. A decoction of the dried roots is used in the treatment of boils and carbuncles, acute appendicitis, uterine bleeding, haematuria, nose bleeds, haematemesis and traumatic bleeding[147]. The leaf is haemostatic and diuretic[218]. The stem is haemostatic[218].
Other Uses
Oil.

The seed of all species of thistles yields a good oil by expression[4]. No details of potential yields etc are given[K].
Cultivation details
An easily grown plant, succeeding in any ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. Cultivated for cut flowers in Japan[58]. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°c[164]. Division in spring or autumn.
Other Names
No-azami, Cat thistle, Japanese thistle, Baimaci.
Found In
Asia, Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Taiwan, Tibet, USA Vietnam.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Can be weedy or invasive. Known to be invasive in Arkansas, California, Iowa, USA and South Africa.
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cirsium acaulonStemless Thistle01
Cirsium amplexifoliumDakiba-Hime-Azami10
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle, Canada thistle22
Cirsium brevicaule 10
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistle30
Cirsium buergeri 10
Cirsium chinense 10
Cirsium coreanum 10
Cirsium dipsacolepis 10
Cirsium eatoniEaton's Thistle11
Cirsium eduleEdible Thistle30
Cirsium eriophorumWooly Thistle20
Cirsium foliosumElk thistle30
Cirsium hookerianumWhite Thistle20
Cirsium kamtschaticumKamchatka thistle10
Cirsium lepskyle 10
Cirsium lineare 10
Cirsium maackii 10
Cirsium maritimum 10
Cirsium nipponicum 11
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistle20
Cirsium ochrocentrumYellow Spined Thistle22
Cirsium oleraceumCabbage Thistle20
Cirsium oligophyllum 20
Cirsium pallidumPale Thistle11
Cirsium palustreMarsh Thistle20
Cirsium pectinellum 10
Cirsium pendulum 10
Cirsium purpuratum 10
12
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Author
DC.
Botanical References
58200266
Links / References
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Subject : Cirsium japonicum  

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