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Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - (D.Don.)Spach.
                 
Common Name Nootka Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Alaska Cedar
Family Cupressaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodlands from sea-level to 1,000 metres[60, 82]. The best specimens are found in the deep soil of cool wet coastal forests[226].
Range Western N. America - Alaska to Oregon.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Columnar, Pyramidal.

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis Nootka Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Alaska  Cedar


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Chamaecyparis nootkatensis Nootka Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Yellow Cypress, Alaska  Cedar
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Mar to April, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It cannot tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
Cupressus nootkatensis. Thuyopsis borealis.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Hedge;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antirheumatic;  Miscellany;  Poultice;  Skin.

The plant has been used in sweat baths for treating rheumatism and arthritis[257]. An infusion of the branch tips has been used as a wash for sores and swellings[257]. A poultice of the crushed leaves has been applied to sores[257]. The soft bark has been used as a cover for poultices[257].
Other Uses
Fibre;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Miscellany;  Tinder;  Wood.

Plants can be grown as a tall hedge[200] They are very tolerant of clipping so long as this does not extend into the brown barked wood since trees cannot regenerate from this[200]. Any trimming should be done in the summer[200]. The fibre of the inner bark is fine and soft, it is pounded and spun then used for making blankets, clothing, capes, mats etc[99, 226, 257]. Torn into pieces, it can be used as bandages or for washing babies[226]. The finely shredded inner bark can be used as a tinder[257]. Wood - hard, very durable, fragrant with an agreeable resinous odour, close grained, has low-shrinkage, is somewhat brittle, but does not splinter. Easily worked, it is used for carving, cabinet work, making boats, implements etc[1, 46, 61, 82, 99, 171, 226].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Screen. Succeeds in most soils and situations, but prefers a moist deep loamy soil and a sheltered position[1, 11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Survives on dry alkaline soils[200]. Does not grow well on peat or shallow chalky soils[11]. Growth of trees is hardly affected by a lack of phosphate in the soil. Plants are moderately shade tolerant, especially when young[81, 200]. Plants are tolerant of atmospheric pollution according to one report[200], whilst another says that they do not do well in a polluted atmosphere[1]. Plants are hardy to about -35c, they also tolerate low summer temperatures[200]. A very polymorphic species, there are many named varieties[200]. This species establishes well and grows fairly quickly when young[11]. Trees can reach 20 metres tall in 35 years but growth slows as the trees get older[185]. It is cultivated as a timber tree in Europe[50]. Trees in the wild can live for 1,000 years or longer[226], one specimen is believed to be 3,500 years old[229]. This longevity is probably due to the presence of toxic chemical compounds from microscopic fungi concentrated in the heartwood[226]. The wood and foliage have an acrid odour[226]. The bruised foliage releases a smell of turpentine[245]. Favoured by many birds for roosting, high cover and especially for nesting, large specimens of this tree help to attract songbirds to the garden[200]. Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - sow March/April in a seedbed outdoors[78]. The seed is best sown in pots in a frame[K]. Seed can take 18 months to germinate. One month warm then one month cold stratification has produced good results[113]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings in late summer or autumn in sandy soil in a cold frame[1, 11, 200]. Difficult, it may be best done in late winter to early spring[113].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chamaecyparis lawsonianaLawson Cypress, Port orford cedar, Oregon Cedar, Port Orford Cedar, Lawson's Cypress01
Chamaecyparis thyoidesWhite Cypress, Atlantic white cedar, Coast White Cedar, Southern White Cedar, White Cypress01
Santolina chamaecyparissusCotton Lavender22
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Expert comment
 
Author
(D.Don.)Spach.
Botanical References
1160200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Anders Sun Nov 5 2006

Forest Farm Nursery excellent source for many unusual plants...probably no good for folks outside the U.S.A. though.

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Subject : Chamaecyparis nootkatensis  

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