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Cephalanthus occidentalis - L.
                 
Common Name Button Bush, Common buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Buttonbush
Family Rubiaceae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards The leaves contain glucosides and can be toxic in large doses. Symptoms include vomiting, convulsions, chronic spasms and muscular paralysis[274].
Habitats A lowland species, growing along the edges of streams, rivers, lakes, swamps and wet floodplains[229].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Minnesota and California
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early spring, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.

Cephalanthus occidentalis Button Bush, Common buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Buttonbush


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Desmodium
Cephalanthus occidentalis Button Bush, Common buttonbush, Button Willow, Honey Bells, Buttonbush
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Munchkinguy
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Cephalanthus occidentalis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 7 m (23ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Febrifuge;  Laxative;  Odontalgic;  Ophthalmic;  
Tonic.

Button bush was often employed medicinally by native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a range of ailments[257]. It is little used in modern herbalism. A tea made from the bark is astringent, emetic, febrifuge and tonic[61, 222]. A strong decoction has been used to treat diarrhoea and dysentery, stomach complaints, haemorrhages etc[257]. It has been used as a wash for eye inflammations[222]. A decoction of either the roots or the fruits have been used as a laxative to treat constipation[257] The leaves are astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic and tonic[61, 222]. A tea has been used to check menstrual flow and to treat fevers, kidney stones, pleurisy etc[222]. The plant has a folk reputation for relieving malaria[222]. The inner bark has been chewed in the treatment of toothaches[222].
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - light, tough. Of no commercial value[229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Massing. An easily grown plant[1], it prefers an open position in a moisture retentive or wet neutral to acid humus-rich soil[200]. Dislikes dryness at the roots[11]. A calcifuge plant, it dislikes alkaline soils[200]. Requires a sunny position[184]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[184]. A fast-growing but short-lived species in the wild[229]. The flowers, and the dried leaves, have a soft sweet fragrance like newly mown hay[245]. A good bee plant[149]. Plants are sometimes evergreen[200]. Special Features:North American native, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - we have no details on this plant but would suggest sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe in an acid compost in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of soft or semi-ripe wood, July in a frame[200]. Layering.

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Other Names
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Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Subject : Cephalanthus occidentalis  

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