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Carya laciniosa - (F.Michx.)Loudon.
                 
Common Name Shellbark Hickory
Family Juglandaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Deep rich soils of floodplains and bottomlands[43, 62]. It grows best on neutral or slightly alkaline soils and tolerates shallow flooding in early spring[229].
Range Eastern N. America - New York and Pennsylvania to Indiana, Iowa and Kansas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Rounded.

Carya laciniosa Shellbark Hickory


USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Carya laciniosa Shellbark Hickory
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Carya laciniosa is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft 5in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 10-Jun It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
C. sulcata. Juglans laciniosa.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Sap;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Sweetener.

Seed - raw or cooked in pies, cakes etc[183]. Sweet, with a very fine flavour[183], it has the largest seeds of the hickories[227], up to 5cm long[229]. Probably the finest flavoured hickory[117]. The shell is hard and thick[101, 117] and the cracking quality is poor compared to C. ovata[183]. The seed ripens in late autumn and, when stored in its shell in a cool place, will keep for at least 6 months[K]. Sap - a sweet flavour[62]. Tapped in spring, it can be boiled down to a syrup or sugar and be used in similar ways to maple syrup[101, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Detergent.

The inner bark is astringent and detergent[257]. It has been used as a dressing for cuts and has been chewed to treat sore mouths[257].
Other Uses
Fuel;  Wood.

Wood - close-grained, tough, hard, heavy, elastic, very flexible. It weighs 50 lb. per cubic foot. An excellent wood, it is used for tool handles, baskets, fuel etc[46, 61, 63, 82, 226, 227].
Cultivation details
Management: Standard;  Regional Crop;  Staple Crop: Oil.

Landscape Uses:Pest tolerant, Aggressive surface roots possible. Prefers a deep moisture-retentive loam in a sunny sheltered position, requiring a good summer for best development[1, 63, 137, 200]. A very ornamental but slow growing tree[1], it is sometimes cultivated for its edible seed, and is also sold in local markets in N. America[82]. There are some named varieties[183] though some of these are likely to be hybrids. 'Fayette' is a thin shelled form[200]. 'Henry' has a very large nut[200]. Trees have been planted on an experimental scale in Germany for their wood[50]. Hybridizes in the wild with C. ovata[227]. Trees take up to 15 years from seed to bear fruit[117]. Plants are strongly tap-rooted and should be planted in their permanent positions as soon as possible[1, 137]. Sowing in situ would be the best method so long as the seed could be protected from mice[1, 200]. Trees are late coming into leaf (usually late May to June) and lose their leaves early in the autumn (usually in October)[137]. During this time they cast a heavy shade. These factors combine to make the trees eminently suitable for a mixed woodland planting with shrubs and other trees beneath them[137]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Most species in this genus have quite a wide range of distribution and, in order to find trees more suited to this country, seed from the most appropriate provenances should be sought[137]. Most trees growing in Britain at present tend to only produce good seed after hot summers[137]. Trees are self-fertile but larger crops of better quality seeds are produced if cross-pollination takes place[229]. Special Features:North American native, Wetlands plant, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - requires a period of cold stratification. It is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[78]. Stored seed should be kept moist (but not wet) prior to sowing and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as possible[78]. Where possible, sow 1 or 2 seeds only in each deep pot and thin to the best seedling. If you need to transplant the seedlings, then do this as soon as they are large enough to handle, once more using deep pots to accommodate the tap root. Put the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, preferably in their first summer, and give them some protection from the cold for at least the first winter[78, K]. Seed can also be sown in situ so long as protection is given from mice etc and the seed is given some protection from cold[200] (a plastic bottle with the top and bottom removed and a wire mesh top fitted to keep the mice out is ideal)
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Carya aquaticaWater Hickory10
Carya buckleyiBlack hickory20
Carya carolinae-septentrionalisSouthern Shagbark, Southern shagbark hickory20
Carya cathayensisChinese Hickory30
Carya cordiformisBitternut, Bitternut hickory, Swamp Hickory31
Carya floridanaScrub Hickory20
Carya glabraSweet Pignut, Pignut hickory, Broom Hickory, Pignut Hickory30
Carya glabra megacarpaCoastal Pignut Hickory30
Carya illinoinensisPecan41
Carya myristiciformisNutmeg Hickory20
Carya ovalisSweet Pignut30
Carya ovataShagbark Hickory31
Carya pallidaSand Hickory31
Carya texanaBlack Hickory20
Carya tomentosaMockernut,White Heart Hickory, Mockernut Hickory31
Carya x laneyi 30
Platycarya strobilacea 10
Pterocarya fraxinifoliaCaucasian Wingnut11
Pterocarya rhoifoliaJapanese Wingnut10
Pterocarya stenopteraChinese wingnut02
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Expert comment
 
Author
(F.Michx.)Loudon.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
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Subject : Carya laciniosa  

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