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Carpinus caroliniana - Walter.
                 
Common Name American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood, American Hornbeam
Family Betulaceae
USDA hardiness 3-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Usually found as an understorey tree in rich woods and the borders of streams and swamps in deep rich moist soils[43, 82, 229].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Ontario, south to Florida and Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Orange, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring.Form: Oval.

Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood,  American Hornbeam


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Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood,  American Hornbeam
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Carpinus caroliniana is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in November. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
C. americana.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked[105]. An emergency food, used when all else fails[177].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent.

American hornbeam was employed medicinally by some native North American Indian tribes, though it is not used in modern herbalism[257]. The inner bark is astringent[257]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea and difficult urination with discharge[257].
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - heavy, close grained, very hard, strong, but not very durable in the soil. It weighs 45lb per cubic foot. Too small to be exploited commercially, this high quality wood is often used locally for flooring, cogs, tool handles, golf clubs etc[46, 61, 82, 171, 226, 227, 229, 235]. It is especially suitable for making levers[171] and is also a good fuel[61].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Espalier, Pest tolerant, Hedge, Standard, Superior hedge, Specimen, Street tree, Woodland garden. Thrives in any good loam, including chalk, it does not demand much light[1, 11]. Prefers a deep open loam[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. A slow-growing and short-lived tree in the wild[229], it is slower growing than C. betulinus in cultivation[11]. Seed production is cyclic, a year of heavy yields being followed by 2 - 4 years of low yields[229]. Special Features: North American native, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown in an outdoors seedbed as soon as it is ripe[78]. Germination is usually good, though it may take 18 months[80]. If collected whilst still 'green' (after the seed is ripe but before it has dried fully on the plant) and sown immediately it should germinate in the following spring[80]. Grow the plants on for two years in the seedbed and then plant them out into their permanent positions in the winter. The average seed viability is around 65%[98]. Pre-treat stored seed with 4 weeks warm and 12 weeks cold stratification and sow in a cold frame[98]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame until they are at least 15cm tall before planting them into their permanent positions.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Carpinus betulusHornbeam, European hornbeam, Common Hornbeam, European Hornbeam02
Carpinus cordata 00
Carpinus laxiflora 00
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Author
Walter.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
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Subject : Carpinus caroliniana  

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