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Cardamine raphanifolia - Pourr.
                 
Common Name
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Damp places and streamsides in mountains.
Range Europe - France, Spain and Italy. Occasionally established in Britain.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Summary

Cardamine raphanifolia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pinpin
Cardamine raphanifolia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Pinpin
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Cardamine raphanifolia is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms
C. latifolia non Lej.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

We have no information on the edibility of this plant but the leaves are almost certainly edible[K].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Plants can be grown as a ground cover, making a fairly good carpet in a moist position[208].
Cultivation details
Prefers a moist humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade[200] but succeeds in most soils that are not dry[1]. Plants are closely related to C. pratensis[17].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 weeks at 15°c[175]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame for the first two years, planting them out when dormant in late summer. Division in early spring or after the plant dies down in the summer. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cardamine amaraLarge Bittercress31
Cardamine amaraeformis 20
Cardamine bonariensis 20
Cardamine bulbiferaCoral Root, Coralroot bittercress20
Cardamine bulbosaBulbous Bittercress20
Cardamine debilisRoadside bittercress20
Cardamine fauriei 20
Cardamine flexuosaWavy Bittercress,Woodland bittercress20
Cardamine glacialis 20
Cardamine heptaphylla 20
Cardamine hirsutaHairy Bittercress30
Cardamine impatiensNarrowleaf bittercress21
Cardamine kitaibelii 20
Cardamine komarovii 20
Cardamine leucantha 21
Cardamine loxostemonoidesCuckoo Flower10
Cardamine lyrata 20
Cardamine macrophylla 20
Cardamine nasturtioides 20
Cardamine nipponica 10
Cardamine oligospermaSpring Cress, Little western bittercress, Umbel bittercress21
Cardamine pennsylvanicaBittercress21
Cardamine pentaphyllos 20
Cardamine pratensisCuckoo Flower32
Cardamine prorepens 20
Cardamine rotundifoliaAmerican Water Cress, American bittercress20
Cardamine schinziana 20
Cardamine scutata 20
Cardamine trifolia 10
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
Pourr.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Paul B.
Jan 28 2011 12:00AM
The leaves of this cress are very tasty and are available almost all year. A very worthwhile plant. Ours was collected from the Pyrenees in a streamside habitat. Very hardy. Attractive mauve flowers in April/May.
mark W.
Jul 16 2012 12:00AM
I was introduced to this plant by a keen wild food chef in the Scottish highlands who hoped I could ID what he called "giant watercress". I was as baffled as him and the few other wild-fooders he had consulted. We recognised it as brassicacae and probably cardamine and were happy to eat and enjoy it without quite pinning it down. Subsequent appeals on Twitter and internet searches shed no further light and we put it down as a fence jumping cultivar. 2 months later I stumbled on it again in a Galloway wetland among mint, hemlock WD, reedmace and rushes. This time Twitter came up with the name! I'm not sure why previous google searches hadn't shed light. I'm delighted to report that it is truly delicious, with a sharp but pleasing watercress flavour with overtones of more common cardamine species. Stems are tender and succulent. It wilts very quickly after picking. I have enjoyed it both raw through salads and wilted as a side-vegetable, but will be restricting further consumption until i've monitored it for a while. Thanks for your great resource.
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Subject : Cardamine raphanifolia  

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