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Cardamine hirsuta - L.
                 
Common Name Hairy Bittercress
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open and cultivated ground, rocks, scree, walls etc[17].
Range Throughout most of the northern Hemisphere, including Britain.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress


Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bittercress
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fornax
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Cardamine hirsuta is a ANNUAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to August, and the seeds ripen from May to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Arabis heterophylla G.Forst. ex DC. Cardamine angulata Regel [Illegitimate]. Cardamine borbonica Boj

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds; East Wall. In. South Wall. In. West Wall. In.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and flowers - raw or cooked[2, 5, 52, 53, 105]. A hot cress-like flavour, they are mainly used as a garnish or flavouring in salads etc[132] but are also sometimes used as a potherb[183]. The plant germinates most freely in the autumn and so leaves are usually available all winter[244].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
The tiny flowers are attractive to a few early butterflies, including (in the United States) spring azure (Celastrina ladon) and falcate orange-tip (Anthocharis midea).
Cultivation details
Prefers a moist humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade[200] but it succeeds in most soils and positions[1]. A common garden weed, it can be in flower all year round if the weather is mild. It will usually self-sow very freely in cultivated soil and is found especially in pot-grown plants[K].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ. This species needs very little encouragement and is quite capable of sowing itself, often too freely.
Other Names
Chantruk-maan, Common bittercress, Hairy wood cress, Lamb's cress, Serampeti, Serampidi, Splitting Jenny, Sui mi qi, Tosanini vu, Vlaknesta gorva, land cress, hoary bitter cress, spring cress, flick weed, and shot weed (or lambscress, landcress, hoary bittercress, springcress, flickweed, and shotweed).
Found In
Africa, Asia, Australia, Britain, Bulgaria, Central Asia, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Europe, Finland, Haiti, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, Myanmar, New Guinea, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, North America, Northeastern India, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Philippines, SE Asia, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Tasmania, Thailand, Turkmenistan, USA, Vietnam, West Africa, SW Asia, S Africa, North and South America, Zambia.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

This plant can be weedy or invasive.
Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Cardamine amaraLarge Bittercress31
Cardamine amaraeformis 20
Cardamine bonariensis 20
Cardamine bulbiferaCoral Root, Coralroot bittercress20
Cardamine bulbosaBulbous Bittercress20
Cardamine debilisRoadside bittercress20
Cardamine fauriei 20
Cardamine flexuosaWavy Bittercress,Woodland bittercress20
Cardamine glacialis 20
Cardamine heptaphylla 20
Cardamine impatiensNarrowleaf bittercress21
Cardamine kitaibelii 20
Cardamine komarovii 20
Cardamine leucantha 21
Cardamine loxostemonoidesCuckoo Flower10
Cardamine lyrata 20
Cardamine macrophylla 20
Cardamine nasturtioides 20
Cardamine nipponica 10
Cardamine oligospermaSpring Cress, Little western bittercress, Umbel bittercress21
Cardamine pennsylvanicaBittercress21
Cardamine pentaphyllos 20
Cardamine pratensisCuckoo Flower32
Cardamine prorepens 20
Cardamine raphanifolia 10
Cardamine rotundifoliaAmerican Water Cress, American bittercress20
Cardamine schinziana 20
Cardamine scutata 20
Cardamine trifolia 10
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
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Subject : Cardamine hirsuta  

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