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Camellia sasanqua - Thunb.
                 
Common Name Camellia, Sasanqua camellia
Family Theaceae
USDA hardiness 7-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Thickets and grassy slopes in mountains, S. Japan[58]. Forest openings[260].
Range E. Asia - Southern Japan in Kyushu and the Islands southwards.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Lavender, Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Early winter, Late fall, Late winter, Mid fall, Mid spring, Mid winter. Form: Oval.

Camellia sasanqua Camellia, Sasanqua camellia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camellia_sasanqua_SZ83.png
Camellia sasanqua Camellia, Sasanqua camellia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Camellia sasanqua is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Oct to April. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Thea sasanqua.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil;  Tea.

The oil obtained from the seed is edible if it is refined[46, 105, 142, 183]. It is said to be equal in quality to olive oil[2]. The leaves are mixed with tea to give it a pleasant aroma[2, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Demulcent;  Expectorant.

Demulcent, expectorant[178].
Other Uses
Dye;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Oil;  Oil;  Soap.

A non-drying oil is obtained from the seed - used as a hair-dressing and textile oil[46, 61, 171, 177]. A green dye is obtained from the pink or red petals[168]. A decoction of the plant (could this refer to the oil in the seed??) is used as a soap substitute for washing oily clothes[178]. Plants can be used as a hedge. The cultivar 'Onigoromo' has been especially mentioned for this purpose[188].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses: Border, Container, Espalier, Standard, Specimen. Prefers a woodland soil but thrives in a warm open well-drained loam if leafmould is added[1, 11, 200]. A calcifuge plant, preferring a pH between 5 and 7[11, 200]. Dislikes cold winds[11]. Prefers the partial shade of a light woodland[200], growing well in a woodland clearing[166]. Many cultivars tolerate full sun, in fact one report says that the species flowers better in a sunny position[182] and another that the plant prefers a hot sunny position[188]. Plants are hardy to about -10°c[184]. Another report says that this species is very cold hardy if it is sheltered from cold winds[11]. Prefers a wet summer and a cool but not very frosty dry winter[200]. Another report says that the plant requires hot summers if it is to do well[260]. Plants are not very self-compatible, self-fertilized flowers produce few seeds and these are of low viability[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is closely allied to C. oleifera[11]. The cultivar 'Narumi-gata' (which is sometimes mistakenly called C. oleifera) is a very reliable shrub in Britain[11]. Plants resent root disturbance and are best planted out into their final positions whilst still young. This species is cultivated in Asia for the oil in its seed, there are many named varieties mostly developed for their ornamental value[182]. The flowers have a delicate sweet perfume[245]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Extended bloom season in Zones 9A and above, Fragrant flowers, Blooms are very showy.
Propagation
Seed - can be sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[113]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water and the hard covering around the micropyle should be filed down to leave a thin covering[78, 113, 138]. It usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 23°c[138]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall and give them some protection from winter cold for their first year or three outdoors[K]. Cuttings of almost ripe wood, 10 - 15cm with a heel, August/September in a shaded frame. A high percentage take, but they are slow to root[78]. Cuttings of firm wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, end of June in a frame[11, 78]. Keep in a cool greenhouse for the first year[11]. Leaf-bud cuttings, July/August in a frame.
Other Names
Cha hua, Chamei, Kamelia sasangkua, Mei camellia, Perdu teh sasangkua, Sazanka, Shan cha, So, Tra-mai,
Found In
Asia, Australia, Britain, China, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Pacific, SE Asia, Tasmania, USA, Vietnam,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Camellia biflora 20
Camellia chekiangoleosaCamellia20
Camellia gracilisCamellia20
Camellia japonicaCamellia, Common Camellia, Japanese Camellia32
Camellia kissi 22
Camellia oleiferaTea-Oil Plant, Tea Oil Camellia22
Camellia pitardii 20
Camellia polyodonta 20
Camellia reticulataTo-tsubaki30
Camellia semiserrata 20
Camellia sinensisTea Plant, Assam tea, Tea Tree Camellia44
Camellia sinensis assamicaTea Plant, Assam Tea44
Camellia yunnanensis 20
Stewartia pseudocamelliaJapanese Stewartia10
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Author
Thunb.
Botanical References
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Subject : Camellia sasanqua  

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