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Camellia japonica - L.
                 
Common Name Camellia, Common Camellia, Japanese Camellia
Family Theaceae
USDA hardiness 7-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woods in hills and down to sea level near the coast in C. and S. Japan[58].
Range E. Asia - Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Lavender, Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Early winter, Late fall, Late winter, Mid winter. Form: Oval.

Camellia japonica Camellia, Common Camellia, Japanese Camellia


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camellia_japonica_SZ82.jpg
Camellia japonica Camellia, Common Camellia, Japanese Camellia
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BotBln
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Camellia japonica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 10 m (32ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Thea japonica.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil;  Tea.

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[11, 61, 105]. It is called 'tsubaki oil'[183]. Dried flowers - cooked[105]. Used as a vegetable or mixed with gelatinous-rice to make a Japanese food called 'mochi'[183]. The leaves are a tea substitute[142, 177, 178, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Cancer;  Haemostatic;  Salve;  Tonic.

The flowers are astringent, antihaemorrhagic, haemostatic, salve and tonic[178, 218]. When mixed with sesame oil they are used in the treatment of burns and scalds[218]. The plant has shown anticancer activity[218].
Other Uses
Dye;  Oil;  Oil.

A non-drying oil is obtained from the seed - used as a hair-dressing[46, 61]. The oil consists mainly of olein it is not subject to polymerize or oxidize, nor does it form solids at low temperatures[174]. A green dye is obtained from the pink or red petals[168].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Espalier, Standard, Specimen. Prefers a woodland soil but thrives in a warm open well-drained loam if leafmould is added[1, 11, 200]. A calcifuge plant, preferring a pH around 5[11, 200]. Prefers the partial shade of a light woodland[200], it also grows well on a north-west aspect[11] and on sunless walls[202]. This is a very cold hardy plant, but it cannot tolerate cold winds[11]. Plants should be given a position shaded from the morning sun in order to protect the flowers from late frosts[219]. Prefers a wet summer and a cool but not very frosty dry winter[200]. Plants are not very self-compatible, self-fertilized flowers produce few seeds and these are of low viability[200]. A very ornamental plant[11]. A large amount of named forms have been developed, mainly for their ornamental value[11, 200]. Many of them tolerate full sun[182, 200]. Camellias are a valuable commercial crop in Asia, where they are cultivated for the oil obtained from their seed. Many of the cultivars grown in Britain do not set seed, unfortunately. The following cultivars have been seen with good crops of seeds:- 'Alba Simplex'; 'Coppelia'; 'Guillio Nuccio'; 'Jupiter'[K].The sub-species C. japonica macrocarpa. Masam. has larger fruits than the type, looking like small apples. The sub-species C. japonica rusticana (Honda.)Kitamura. is a hardier form from N. Japan where it grows at higher altitudes than the species and withstands long snowy winters[11, 219].Special Features:Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Blooms are very showy.
Propagation
Seed - can be sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[113]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water and the hard covering around the micropyle should be filed down to leave a thin covering[78, 113, 138]. It usually germinates in 1 - 3 months at 23°c[138]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall and give them some protection from winter cold for their first year or three outdoors[K]. Cuttings of almost ripe wood, 10 - 15cm with a heel, August/September in a shaded frame. High percentage but slow[78]. Cuttings of firm wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, end of June in a frame[11, 78]. Keep in a cool greenhouse for the first year[11]. Leaf-bud cuttings, July/August in a frame.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Camellia biflora 20
Camellia chekiangoleosaCamellia20
Camellia gracilisCamellia20
Camellia kissi 22
Camellia oleiferaTea-Oil Plant, Tea Oil Camellia22
Camellia pitardii 20
Camellia polyodonta 20
Camellia reticulataTo-tsubaki30
Camellia sasanquaCamellia, Sasanqua camellia31
Camellia semiserrata 20
Camellia sinensisTea Plant, Assam tea, Tea Tree Camellia44
Camellia sinensis assamicaTea Plant, Assam Tea44
Camellia yunnanensis 20
Stewartia pseudocamelliaJapanese Stewartia10
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1158200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
marina markolefas Fri Aug 27 08:56:47 2004
beautiful plant i am having fun researching on it for an assignment. gorgeous.
Elizabeth H.
sandra Wed Nov 7 2007
you should put more info like why is this plant endangered and how often does it reproduce? how many are left?
Elizabeth H.
katherine Thu Mar 9 2006
how do the camellia japonica grow?
Elizabeth H.
ymzx Sat May 27 2006
Katherina grow in wild ? see http://www.toshimamura.org/04kankou01.html
Elizabeth H.
colin turnbull Thu Jan 4 2007
i have recieved what i think to be a camellia japonica for xmas. was wandering if anyone could help me since purchasing the leaves are turning purple and starting to fall off plant has been well watered and fed. any info would be appreciated
Elizabeth H.
Mrs J Hunter Mon Jul 2 2007
Thanks for your information. My camellia bush has a single fruit, and I wanted to know about it. I might try to grow more from the seed.
Elizabeth H.
Vivienne Vidal Fri Oct 12 2007
Can anyone tell me if one can use the yellow fruits to make jam or jellie Mrs Vidal 12th october 2007
Elizabeth H.
Kevin Feinstein Sun Nov 25 2007
Has anyone eaten the flowers? Can they be eaten raw? Can you cook them fresh? Here in the Oakland, CA, they are everywhere. It seems nearly every house has one growing! Does anyone recommend harvesting strategies for the tea?

feralkevin's permaculture and edible wild foods edible wild foods, rewilding, and permaculture

Elizabeth H.
s.taylor Sat Apr 26 2008
my camellia flowers and buds have just dissapeared there one day gone the nex do you know anything that eats them ? regards s. taylor
Elizabeth H.
david Mon Aug 17 2009
I'm also interested in eating the flowers, (the fact that the plant takes full shade makes it interesting) but am nervous I cant find anything else on the net or in books about their edibility, also one of the only two sources listed here is at times "dubious". I've nibbled a few fresh, seem very inoffensive, pleasant bland, swallowed a tiny amount. That there is a somewhat more documented tradition of their use medicinally suggests they are safe, I found one Asian commercial supplier of petals for medicinal use which is encouraging. There is "Studies on the Constituents of the Flower of Camellia japonica (2)", from googling the identified chemicals all seem to be beneficial, anti-cancer and anti-depressant for instance, or occuring in commonly eaten foods, but I'm no chemist. It's possible they are dried simply for convenience not safety.
Elizabeth H.
Sam Mon Oct 19 2009
One of my horticulture instructors recommends Camellia oil for lubricating pruners. It is available for sale at a Japanese tool store in California (hidatool.com) The most common cultivar I've seen does not produce seeds. It has a mutation that turns the reproductive parts into additional petals. Pretty, but less useful.
Elizabeth H.
kelly jones Mon Nov 2 2009

taurus rising black tea from camellia japonica

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Subject : Camellia japonica  

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