homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Callicarpa americana - L.
                 
Common Name American Beautyberry, Beautyberry, French Mulberry, American Beautyberry
Family Verbenaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich woods and thickets[43].
Range South-eastern N. America - Florida to Texas and north to Oklahoma and Arkansas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Lavender. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Vase.

Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry, Beautyberry, French  Mulberry, American  Beautyberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Berean_Hunter
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry, Beautyberry, French  Mulberry, American  Beautyberry
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Callicarpa americana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw[105, 177]. Juicy, sweet, fleshy, slightly aromatic[123]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Diuretic.

A decoction of the root bark has been used as a diuretic[257]. The leaves are a cure for dropsy[61]. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of dysentery and stomach aches[222, 257]. A tea made from the roots and berries is used in the treatment of colic[222, 257]. Some native North American Indian tribes used the leaves and roots in sweat baths for the treatment of malaria, rheumatism and fevers[222, 257].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Cascades, Erosion control, Foundation, Pest tolerant, Massing, Standard. Requires a sunny position or light dappled shade[1, 200]. Prefers a highly fertile well-drained loamy soil[200]. This species is hardy to about -18°c according to one report[200] whilst another says that it is only really hardy in the milder parts of Britain, though some forms should prove to be hardier[1]. Requires cross-pollination for good fruit production[182]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: Attracts birds, North American native, Fragrant foliage, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - sow February in a greenhouse[78]. Only just cover the seed[138]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 18°c[138]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm long, July/August in a frame. High percentage[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth with a heel[78] taken in early spring[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Callicarpa japonicaBeautyberry, Japanese callicarpa, Japanese Beautyberry10
Callicarpa macrophylla 12
Callicarpa mollis 10
Callicarpa pedunculata 02
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Jo Ann Anderson Wed Apr 27 21:35:11 2005
Thanks for introducing me to this site. From what I read the berries are not poisen. this is good to know because we have one planted in an area where small childen take tours. We did not want them to get sick incase they ate some berries.
Elizabeth H.
Jen Ambrose Cotter Mon Aug 28 2006
on how the american beautyberry can help us avoid mosquitos... Folk Remedy Yields Mosquito-Thwarting Compound Berries and leaves of American beautyberry, Callicarpa americana, on Pinedale Farm. The Mississippi farm was once owned by John Rives Crumpton, grandfather of ARS botanist Charles T. Bryson. (D419-1) Regional wisdom once imparted by a Mississippi grandfather has led ARS scientists to isolate a natural compound that in laboratory tests was effective in warding off mosquito bites. The efficacy of the isolated compound—called "callicarpenal"—was affirmed through tests simulating human skin. But these results may not have been a surprise in northeastern Mississippi as long as a century ago, once the source of the callicarpenal was revealed. Seems that it was known there that fresh, crushed leaves of American beautyberry, Callicarpa americana, in the family Verbenaceae, helped keep biting insects away from animals such as horses and mules. Placing crushed beautyberry leaves under the animals' harnesses, residents knew, would mash out a repellent oil. Eventually, some folks there took to mashing the leaves and rubbing the residue on their own skins. Privy to this knowledge was young Charles T. Bryson, who was told about it by his granddad, John Rives Crumpton. Today, Bryson is a botanist in ARS's Southern Weed Science Research Unit at Stoneville, Mississippi. And he's told researchers in ARS's Natural Products Utilization Unit at Oxford, Mississippi, about beautyberry's powers. This led Oxford chemist Charles Cantrell—with entomologist Jerome Klun of ARS's Chemicals Affecting Insect Behavior Research Laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, and Oxford plant physiologist Stephen Duke—to isolate from American beautyberry and a Japanese counterpart, C. japonica, five insect-repelling compounds. Among them was callicarpenal, which may represent ARS's next important contribution against mosquitoes. ARS developed—and USDA patented in 2003—SS220, a repellent that's just as effective as DEET. (See " ARS Partners with Defense Department To Protect Troops From Insect Vectors," Agricultural Research, September 2005, p. 12.) DEET, the world's most-used insect repellent, was itself developed by ARS for the U.S. Army decades ago. "In laboratory tests, isolated callicarpenal was just as effective as SS220 in preventing mosquito bites," says Cantrell. Those tests were conducted by Klun against the mosquito species Aedes aegypti, which is best known as the yellowfever mosquito, and Anopheles stephensi, which spreads malaria in Asia. Klun used the same system he used to test SS220: a six-celled, in vitro bioassay he and colleagues developed that evaluates bite-deterrent properties of compounds intended for human use. It consists of mosquito-holding cells positioned over compound-treated cloth covering six blood-membrane wells. The number of insect bites through the cloth determines compound effectiveness. Cantrell says a patent application has been submitted for callicarpenal. Subsequent work will include tests against ticks and developing ways of producing large quantities of the compound, either through synthesis or crops. Toxicity trials will precede any testing on humans.—By Luis Pons, Agricultural Research Service Information Staff.. This research is part of Plant Biological and Molecular Processes (#302) and Quality and Utilization of Agricultural Products (#306), two ARS National Programs described on the World Wide Web at www.nps.ars.usda.gov. Charles L. Cantrell is in the USDA-ARS Natural Products Utilization Research Unit , P.O. Box 8048, Oxford, MS 38677-8048; phone (662) 915-5898, fax (662) 915-1035. Jerome A. Klun is with the USDA-ARS Chemicals Affecting Insect Behavior Laboratory , 10300 Baltimore Ave., Bldg. 007, BARC-West, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350; phone (301) 504-9388, ext. 537, fax (301) 504-6580. "Folk Remedy Yields Mosquito-Thwarting Compound" was published in the February 2006 issue of Agricultural Research magazine.

Beautyberry as mosquito repellent

Elizabeth H.
Dorothy Bridgers Thu Jun 19 2008
Will the BeautyBerry shrub planted on property repell mosquitoes? Editorial letter in Richmond Times dispatch (6/19/08)seems to imply that whiter only put the plant writer planted in near back door with results; not having to crush up, etc. as in articles I have read. Thanks. dgbridgers@comcast.net
Elizabeth H.
Dorothy Bridgers Thu Jun 19 2008
Will the BeautyBerry shrub planted on property repell mosquitoes? Editorial letter in Richmond Times dispatch (6/19/08)seems to imply that whiter only put the plant writer planted in near back door with results; not having to crush up, etc. as in articles I have read. Thanks. dgbridgers@comcast.net
Elizabeth H.
Abd Kadir Idris Tue Dec 1 2009

Healing Herbal Callicarpa Tea

QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Callicarpa americana  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.