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Brassica rapa campestris - L.(A.R.Clapham.
                 
Common Name Wild Turnip
Family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards The oil contained in the seed of some varieties of this species can be rich in erucic acid which is toxic. However, modern cultivars have been selected which are almost free of erucic acid.
Habitats River banks, arable and waste land[17].
Range Europe - Mediterranean. Naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Brassica rapa campestris Wild Turnip


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_sinapis_arvensis.jpg
Brassica rapa campestris Wild Turnip
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fanghong
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Brassica rapa campestris is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
B. campestris autumnalis. B. rapa campestris. (L.)Clapham.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Oil;  Oil.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil.

Leaves - raw or cooked. A strong radish/cabbage flavour. An edible oil is obtained from the seed, it is best when cold pressed[171]. Some varieties are rich in erucic acid which can be harmful[K].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiscorbutic.

The tuberous roots and seeds are considered to be antiscorbutic[243]. A rather strange report, the leaves are much more likely to contain reasonable quantities of vitamin C than the roots or seeds[K].
Other Uses
Oil;  Oil.

The seed contains up to 45% of a semi-drying oil. It is used as a lubricant, luminant and in soap making[1, 46, 57, 61, 74, 171].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in full sun in a well-drained fertile preferably alkaline soil[16, 200]. Succeeds in any reasonable soil but prefers one on the heavy side[16]. Tolerates a pH in the range 4.8 to 8.3. This is the wild form of the turnip with a non-tuberous tap-root[17]. It is closely related to the cultivated forms that are grown for their edible oil-bearing seeds[17].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.(A.R.Clapham.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
rahim Pervez Fri Dec 15 2006
the plant is sown in the winter and at the end of the seasons it produce seeds and dies,it releases mustard oil also called mustard plan.

rp312.com

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Subject : Brassica rapa campestris  

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