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Berberis canadensis - Mill.
                 
Common Name Allegheny Barberry, American barberry
Family Berberidaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Banks of streams and dry woods[11, 43]. In woods or glades, on rocky slopes and near rivers at elevations of 100 - 700 metres[270].
Range Eastern N. America - Virginia to Georgia, Alberta and Indiana.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Berberis canadensis Allegheny Barberry, American barberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Radomil
Berberis canadensis Allegheny Barberry, American barberry
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Vol. 2: 127.
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Berberis canadensis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1.8 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
B. angulizans.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Fruit;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. Agreeably acid[2, 22, 46, 95, 161], they are an acceptable raw fruit in small quantities but are more commonly used in preserves[177, K]. The fruits are about 9mm long[200]. Leaves - raw. A trailside nibble[102]. Flowers[102]. No more details.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Cancer.

Berberine, universally present in rhizomes of Berberis species, has marked antibacterial effects. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery[218]. It should not be used with Glycyrrhiza species (Liquorice) because this nullifies the effects of the berberine[218]. Berberine has also shown antitumour activity[218]. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of fevers and diarrhoea[222].
Other Uses
Dye.

A yellow dye is obtained from the root.
Cultivation details
Prefers a warm moist loamy soil but is by no means fastidious, succeeding in thin, dry and shallow soils[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[11, 200]. The plant is an alternate host of 'black stem rust' of cereals and so it is often grubbed out when growing wild in cereal-producing areas. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[1]. Plants can be pruned back quite severely and resprout well from the base[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, when it should germinate in late winter or early spring[78]. Seed from over-ripe fruit will take longer to germinate[78], whilst stored seed may require cold stratification and should be sown in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[80]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, so should be kept well ventilated[113]. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame. If growth is sufficient, it can be possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the autumn, but generally it is best to leave them in the cold frame for the winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, preferably with a heel, October/November in a frame[78].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Canada, North America*, USA,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Berberis aggregataSalmon Barberry32
Berberis amurensis 22
Berberis angulosa 32
Berberis aristataChitra, Indian Barberry or Tree Turmeric43
Berberis asiaticaChutro, Rasanjan (Nep); marpyashi (Newa); Daruharidra, Darbi (Sans)43
Berberis buxifoliaMagellan Barberry42
Berberis calliantha 22
Berberis capillaris 22
Berberis chengii 12
Berberis chinensis 12
Berberis chitria 22
Berberis concinna 22
Berberis cooperi 32
Berberis darwiniiDarwin's Barberry, Darwin's berberis42
Berberis empetrifolia 22
Berberis everstiana 22
Berberis fendleriColorado Barberry22
Berberis flexuosa 12
Berberis gagnepainii 22
Berberis georgiiBarberry32
Berberis heterophylla 12
Berberis jaeschkeana 12
Berberis koreanaKorean Barberry, Barberry12
Berberis lycium 33
Berberis parisepala 22
Berberis rariflora 22
Berberis rubrostilla 32
Berberis ruscifolia 22
Berberis sherriffii 12
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
Mill.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Stuart Douglas Mon Aug 10 2009
I am a research medical herbalist from Australia and I am trying to locate sources of the Berberis Canadensis as I have anecdotal evidence of successful trials of this plant extract for certain rare cancers. I have tried all traditional sources without success, hence why I am contacting you. Can you please assist with a referal point for sources of this plant, whether they be commercial or private. Kind regards, Stuart Douglas
Elizabeth H.
david (volunteer) Mon Aug 10 2009
The only source I could find was www.msknursery.com in the US, somewhere to start maybe.
Elizabeth H.
Stuart Douglas Mon Aug 10 2009
Thank you kindly David, I will let you know how I get on. Cheers, Stuart
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