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Aronia arbutifolia - (L.)Pers.
                 
Common Name Red Chokeberry
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Low woods, thickets, swamps, damp pine barrens etc[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Massachusetts to Minnesota and south to Texas and Florida.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval.

Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry


http://www.flickr.com/photos/63518505@N00
Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BotBln
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Aronia arbutifolia is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Oct to December. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
Pyrus arbutifolia.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. It can also be dried and used for making pemmican[161, 183]. Fruit quality is rather variable, some forms are rather pleasant when fully ripe, especially if they have experienced some frost[2]. The fruit is about 7mm in diameter[200], it can hang on the plant for several months[235].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Foundation, Pest tolerant, Massing, Seashore, Specimen, Woodland garden. Prefers a moist peaty soil in full sun or partial shade[134]. Succeeds in most soils[1] but dislikes shallow chalk[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[227]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[184]. This genus is closely related to Sorbus species[200]. A suckering plant, it forms thickets in the wild[182]. Some named forms have been developed for their ornamental value[182]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features: Attracts birds, North American native, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in pots outdoors or in a cold frame[113]. Pre-soak stored seed overnight and then cold stratify for 3 months at 2°c[113]. The seed germinates in 1 - 3 months at 15°c[134]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Division of suckers in the dormant season[200]. Very easy, they can be planted straight out into their permanent positions. Layering[200].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aronia melanocarpaBlack Chokeberry, Black Berried Aronia31
Aronia prunifoliaPurple Chokeberry20
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Expert comment
 
Author
(L.)Pers.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Prof. Helmut Halbmayr Thu Jul 27 22:42:18 2000
Dear Sirs,

we are working with Aronia on our Horticultural College. I found during surfing in the internet the facts about Aronia in PFAF. If you want you should supplement some data:

Cultivars

'Aron' (Denmark, 1985) - 1,5-2 m, leaves 8x5 cm, fruits 10-12 mm

'Autumn Magic' (University of British Columbia, 1996) - 2 m, leaves 5x3 cm, red and yellow autumn color.

'Elata' (syn. var. elata) - 2-3 m, leaves 3-8 x 2-5 mm, fruits 6-8 mm

'Estland' (syn. Eastland)- 2-2,5 m, leaves 6 x 4 cm, fruits 8-10 mm

'Grandiflora' (var. grandiflora) - 2,5 m, leaves 7 x 5 cm, fruits 10-12 mm

'Hugin' (University of Sweden, 1992) - 1-2 m, leaves 5x3 cm, fruits 6-10 mm. Flowers 3 weeks later than the other cultivars.

'Karhumäki' (Finland) - 3m, leaves 8x5 cm, fruits 9-10 mm

'Mandschurica'

'Nero' (Tschechia, 1987) - 3m, leaves 10x8 cm, fruits 9-10 mm. Most importants cultivar for fruit production. Many new crosses with this cultivar.

'Rubina'

'Serina' (Germany, 1987) - 2,5 m, leaves 10x7 cm, fruits 12-13 mm

'Viking' (Finland, 1980) - 2,5 m, leaves 7x4 cm, fruits 10-13 mm

Several Polish new cultivars with numbers are tested in Polan and USA.

Medicinal Use

leaves and fruits against high blood pressure. (Juice can be dangerous for persons with low blood pressure). Fruits against gastritis. Fruits help to excrete heavy metals.

Other uses

The fruit is a source of anthocyanes, substances to color foodstuff, preventing types of cancer.

Prof. Helmut Halbmayr, Federal Horticultural College, Gruenbergstrasse 24, A-1131 Vienna, Austria

Elizabeth H.
Helmut Sun Jul 30 11:56:00 2000
Rich >> We have three different species in the Aronia genus Aronia arbutifolia, Aronia melanocarpa and Aronia prunifolia does this refer to all of then or just one species? >>

Cultivars of Aronia exists from all 3 important species (Aronia melanocarpa, A. x prunifolia, A. arbutifolia). Aronia arbutifolia is only important for cultivars with nice autumn colour. The other two are used for fruit production. In Poland European enterprises plant large new areas with Aronia (jam for joghurt and medical use). Now Americans start in northern China for juice.

Helmut

Elizabeth H.
David Everett Tue Dec 26 2006
Stop press! Stop press! It seems you haven't heard about Aronia melanocarpa, an extraordinary medicine and health plant which has been developed and grown in Poland. It has an incredible array of health qualities. Last year Professor Iwona Wawer published a book all about it. Known as Chokeberry, the native Americans used it as an essential ingredient of pemmican (dried meat), and not without reason. It has a higher concentration of vitamin C than blackcurrants, but it also contains a host of other valuable substances, especially antioxidants, polyphenols, bioflavonoids, tannins, etc. It is a very hardy and vigorous plant. The book is still difficult to obtain, even with the ISBN (83-923931-0-4). The printers are Nature's Print Ltd., Suite 4, 34 Buckingham Palace Road, London SW1W 0RH (no phone no. given). If you still have difficulty, and want to know more, contact Polfrutz Ltd, 2 George St, Wellington TA21 8JA.
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Subject : Aronia arbutifolia  

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